Thermoelectric power generation withdraws 43% of all water across the European Union. The way the power sector interacts with the availability and quality of water will be an important consideration in their Energy transition. The European Union has positioned itself as a leader in renewable energies, but researchers at Leiden University wanted to see if the consented and planned development of the electricity grid was fast enough to adapt to the changes in water availability driven by climate change. Leiden used Aqueduct to assess the water vulnerability of energy generation per water basin across the European Union in 2020 and 2030. They found that although the electricity generated by thermoelectric power will decrease, water vulnerability will stay nearly the same, while the number of water basins with vulnerable generation will increase. This research was published in 2017 in Nature Energy.