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This case study describes the history of Surabaya, Indonesia’s inclusive housing policy and how the Kampung Improvement Program became a model for in situ slum upgrading efforts both nationwide and internationally. The paper suggests certain actions that the city can take to maintain its legacy of inclusive housing policy, including prioritizing in situ, incremental upgrading of informal settlements; partnering with NGOs and universities to facilitate innovation; and improving the city’s transportation network and limiting high-end development that displaces residents.

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At the 74th United Nations General Assembly, five countries — Bolivia, Jamaica, Uruguay, Saint Kitts and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines — ratified the Escazú Agreement, an historic treaty that guarantees environmental rights in the region, provides special protections for environmental human rights defenders and ensures people can play a part in the decision-making necessary to address climate change.


In the three years of President John Magufuli’s regime, there has been unprecedented activity in Tanzania's natural resource management. Tundu Lissu, Tanzanian lawyer and member of Parliament, will discuss the many implications on the Tanzanian economy and international economic relations.


Can urban planning and design make cities more resilient? Join WRI’s Robin King and University of Oxford’s Cathy Baldwin as they answer this question, which they addressed in their new book, Social Sustainability, Climate Resilience and Community-Based Urban Development: What About the People?


The Global Commission on Adaptation seeks to accelerate adaptation action and increase political support for building climate resilience.


This paper introduces the Urban Community Resilience Assessment (UCRA), a tool developed by WRI that offers a three-level resilience scorecard for cities, communities and individuals with the aim of informing urban resilience planning by integrating different resilience needs. Effective urban climate resilience strategies can reflect the specific needs of vulnerable communities and ensure that communities and their residents are included in planning processes that aim to reduce climate change risks.


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