This working paper discusses investments made by impact investors in clean energy access in Kenya, which has been the hub of renewable energy access investment in Africa.
New WRI research in Liberia finds that women’s participation in local forest management can improve both their socioeconomic status and the sustainability of forest resources that support local communities’ lives and livelihoods. Yet complex power dynamics, authority and competing interests converge to prevent women from engaging in these decision-making processes. This paper finds that significant social and regulatory change must occur to foster gender and social equity in forest governance.
This case study describes the history of Surabaya, Indonesia’s inclusive housing policy and how the Kampung Improvement Program became a model for in situ slum upgrading efforts both nationwide and internationally. The paper suggests certain actions that the city can take to maintain its legacy of inclusive housing policy, including prioritizing in situ, incremental upgrading of informal settlements; partnering with NGOs and universities to facilitate innovation; and improving the city’s transportation network and limiting high-end development that displaces residents.
Long-term planning for climate and development requires tailored governance and institutional arrangements. This paper outlines several governance considerations critical to any national climate planning effort, providing a checklist of key questions that policymakers may consider when developing their long-term strategies.
This paper describes how sectoral departments in two Indian states have sought to manage climate risks and incorporate adaptation into their sector plans, budgets, and programs, as well as why this was necessary, what it looked like, and how this mainstreaming of adaptation was possible.