The Project for Advancing Climate Transparency (PACT) consortium advances the development of robust and effective transparency and accountability rules and processes for the Paris Agreement on climate change. This working paper aims to lay the groundwork for the Paris Agreement’s transparency framework by clearly mapping out the relevant linkages for the Agreement’s modalities, procedures and guidelines, and explains how these linkages can be leveraged to improve the design of the modalities, procedures and guidelines, streamline the negotiating process, and avoid duplication of effort.

Key Findings

  • In 2018 negotiators will reach an agreement on the “rule book” that will guide the implementation of the Paris Agreement (PA) on climate change.

  • The modalities, procedures, and guidelines (MPGs) that govern the enhanced transparency framework under Article 13 will be a core element of the rule book because the framework ensures that enough information is provided concerning Parties’ action and support, enhances trust between the Parties, and advances implementation.

  • The interconnected nature of the provisions of the PA must be considered carefully by negotiators as they develop guidelines for implementation. This is especially true of the MPGs for the enhanced transparency framework, which must take account of other provisions of the PA if they are to be workable, coherent, efficient, and mutually reinforcing.

  • This paper maps the linkages between the transparency framework and other provisions of the PA and provides information on how linkages might be leveraged to facilitate the negotiating process on the design of the MPGs.

  • A clear understanding of these linkages will enable a more efficient drafting process and help negotiators design a timely, coherent, and robust set of MPGs that mesh seamlessly with the overall Paris rule book and facilitate effective implementation of the Agreement.