WRI provides strategic advice on the development of best practices, regulations, and standards for CCS and participates in the development of national and international strategies for CCS deployment, consistent with environmental and social integrity.
Carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) is the process by which carbon dioxide emissions from power plants and other industrial facilities are captured and stored underground. The process is currently being demonstrated worldwide at commercial scales, but without more experience, the role of CCS in meeting future climate goals will remain uncertain—especially in emerging economies. Without supportive policies and engaged local communities, CCS technologies will be unable to assume a central role in climate change mitigation.
WRI’s work on CCS has been prefaced by five guiding principles. CCS should not be deployed unless we can:
Protect human health and safety
Protect underground sources of drinking water and other natural resources
Ensure market confidence in emissions reduction through greenhouse gas accounting
Facilitate cost-effective, timely deployment
In an effort to ensure present and future CCS projects around the world are as environmentally and socially responsible as possible, WRI leads an international collaboration within the US- China Clean Energy Research Center (CERC) Advanced Coal Technology Consortium and works to provide technical expertise on the regulations and policies required for safe and effective CCS deployment, primarily in the US and China. WRI is also working with CCS project developers to find ways to share knowledge from past projects and accelerate the CCS learning curve.