This paper assesses the landscape of public international funding for nature-based solutions for climate adaptation, covering both climate finance and Official Development Assistance. It seeks to help donor countries, multilateral institutions, and developing countries better understand the current state of funding, and provides recommendations to address barriers hindering public donor funding support for nature-based solutions for adaptation.
This paper is based on interviews with representatives from national, regional and international entities accredited to the GCF, nationally designated authorities, and members of the GCF Secretariat. The authors also reviewed GCF publications including board documents, manuals, and policies along with other academic literature reviewing direct access and the GCF’s operations. All data reported in this paper is as of the GCF 27th board meeting on November 10th-November 13th, 2020. In the direct access category, there is a diversity in size, scope, and type of entities, which means that some of the issues and challenges they face differ. Nonetheless, interviews with entities revealed that there are common problems these entities encountered both internally and with the GCF when trying to get projects approved.
This report discusses women’s tenure security in collectively held lands and provides promising practices for ensuring women not only have legally and socially recognized rights in collectively held land but also are empowered to exercise their rights. The report combines legal analysis and literature review with in-depth case studies of five indigenous and customary communities – in Mexico, Jordan, Nepal, Indonesia, and Cameroon – who have achieved more gender-equitable collective land tenure systems.
Mapping Together is a guide that shows people how to use Collect Earth, a data-collection tool, to monitor progress on their forest and landscape restoration goals. By hosting collaborative data-collection mapathons, the guide helps users combine the best-available open-source monitoring tool with the expertise of people familiar with the landscape.
This paper highlights key findings from over 50 listening sessions held with farmers, herders, fishers, NGOs and CSOs, and the private sector, meant to inform the CGIAR's Two Degree Initiative, a flagship effort to transform the global food system for a climate-smart future.
Restoring landscapes can bring economic, environmental, and social prosperity to people and the planet. In the Sidhi District of India’s Madhya Pradesh state, the opportunity is massive. By adapting the popular Restoration Opportunities Assessment Methodology (ROAM) to measure ecosystem services, livelihood benefits, land tenure, gender, and social inclusion and by mapping the social landscape, we uncovered that diverse potential.
Climate change is already affecting crop production, and in some cases is undermining the viability of current crop systems. The paper explains why transformative adaptation is needed in cropping systems, how seeds systems play a key role in these systemic shifts, and what changes are needed in crop research and development to enable climate-resilient transformations.
As climate change increasingly affects agriculture around the world, reliable, timely, and targeted information about weather and climate conditions is becoming an ever more urgent requirement for adaptation decision-making. This paper considers how transformative adaptation – long-term, systemic change to fundamental aspects of systems in response to or anticipation of severe climate change impacts - could be accelerated by enhancing climate services and how they are applied.
This new WRI report estimates that legal and illegal mining in the Amazon now cover more than 20% of Indigenous lands – over 450,000 square kilometers. It also finds that Indigenous lands with mining experienced higher incidences of tree cover loss than on those without – at least three times greater in Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru. Yet national laws continue to favor companies over Indigenous communities, the study’s legal analysis reveals. It sheds light on this uneven playing field and offers recommendations for Amazonian governments and mining companies.
We urgently need to understand how to improve energy access through demand-based approaches. This new study discusses how to implement demand-based approach by examining the results of a pilot project, in which health-care providers in Kenya were able to select renewable energy options to improve the continuity of power supply.
New WRI research in Liberia finds that women’s participation in local forest management can improve both their socioeconomic status and the sustainability of forest resources that support local communities’ lives and livelihoods. Yet complex power dynamics, authority and competing interests converge to prevent women from engaging in these decision-making processes. This paper finds that significant social and regulatory change must occur to foster gender and social equity in forest governance.
This working paper proposes a framework to identify and assess the relevant sustainable development impacts of renewable power technologies in India and to estimate their economic rate of return (ERR). This economic analysis approach allows for systematic consideration of relevant socioeconomic and environmental costs and benefits, which are especially critical in energy policymaking and planning.
The purpose of this guide is to provide anyone actively restoring land with a comprehensive system to measure their progress based on choices and goals tailored to their needs.Developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and WRI, It is designed to be a supportive starting point to help users focus on a specific landscape context, considering goals, constraints, priorities, targets, indicators, metrics, indexes, and data.
Measuring the impact of local adaptation programs is challenging, especially when decision-makers integrate climate resilience across broader sustainable development initiatives. New research from WRI examines these challenges – from balancing country-specific and portfolio-wide adaptation assessment needs to integrating resilience elements into existing development monitoring and evaluation systems – and offers methodological solutions that adaptation practitioners around the world can implement.