Report authors found that adaptation can produce significant economic returns, as well as numerous social and environmental benefits. Specifically, the analysis found that investing $1.8 trillion globally in five areas from 2020 to 2030 could generate $7.1 trillion in total net benefits. The five areas include: early warning systems, climate-resilient infrastructure, improved dryland agriculture, mangrove protection and resilient water resources. These areas represent only a portion of the total investments needed and total benefits available.
The report calls for revolutions in three areas—understanding, planning and finance—to ensure that climate impacts, risks and solutions are factoring into decision-making at all levels. The report explores how these major changes can be applied across seven interlocking systems: food, natural environment, water, cities, infrastructure, disaster risk management, and finance.
Numerous organizations, partners, researchers and individuals contributed to the writing and research. A set of background papers on key systems and cross-cutting issues informed the report content.
Learn more and download the full report here.
The Global Commission on Adaptation commissioned a series of background papers to inform the Commission's flagship report. These papers are intended to produce a concise yet comprehensive assessment of adaptation in a key system or cross-cutting issue. Below are links to download the papers.
- Driving Finance for the Climate Resilience Society of Tomorrow – UNEP Finance Initiative; Climate Finance Advisors
- Insurance for Climate Adaptation: Opportunities and Limitations – Cass Business School, City University of London
- Broken Connections and Systemic Barriers: Overcoming The Challenge Of The "Missing Middle" In Adaptation Finance – Heinrich Stiftung; South African National Biodiversity Initiative; Africa Adaptation Initiative
- The Role of Domestic Budgets in Financing Climate Change Adaptation – Oxford Policy Management
- A Snapshot of Global Adaptation Investment and Tracking Methods
Food Security & Smallholder Livelihoods
- Rural Livelihoods, Food Security and Rural Transformation under Climate Change – CGIAR
- Adapting the Global Food System to New Climate Realities: Guiding Principles and Priorities – International Food Policy Research Institute
- The Contributions of Agroecological Approaches to Realizing Climate-Resilient Agriculture – World Agroforestry; Bangor University; CGIAR
- Achieving Climate Change Adaptation Through Integrated Landscape Management – Ecoagriculture Partners
- The Role of the Natural Environment in Adaptation – UN Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre
- Adaptation's Thirst: Accelerating the Convergence of Water and Climate Action – International Water Management Institute; Alliance for Global Water Adaptation
Cities & Urban Areas
- Unlocking the Potential for Transformative Climate Adaptation in Cities – WRI Ross Center for Sustainable Cities
- Adaptation of Infrastructure Systems – Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford
- Business Adaptation to Climate Change and Global Supply Chains – Edward Cameron
- All Is Not Green: Climate Change Adaptation and Small Business Resilience in Low- and Middle-Income Countries – Trade & Industrial Policy Strategies
Social Equity and Protection
- Climate Resilience through Social Protection – International Institute for Environment and Development
- Gender-Transformative Climate Change Adaptation: Advancing Social Equity – Stockholm Environment Institute
- Scaling Local and Community-Based Adaptation – David Mfitumukiza, Makerere University
- Making Peace with Climate Adaptation – Netherlands Institute of International Relations Clingendael
- Scaling Climate Services to Enable Effective Adaptation Action – Columbia University International Research Institute for Climate and Society; CGIAR
- Adapt for our Future: Youth and Climate Change Adaptation – YOUNGO
- Adaptation Metrics: Current Landscape and Evolving Practices – UN Environment Programme DTU Partnership
- Climate Change Adaptation by Individuals and Households: A Psychological Perspective – University of Groningen
- Health System Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change – University of Washington