Working Papers

Original research and analysis on crafting robust low-carbon 2050 development pathways

June 2019
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Long-term planning for climate and development requires tailored governance and institutional arrangements. Most countries have some experience with climate-change planning over near- and medium-term horizons through efforts such as nationally...

June 2019
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For the past two years, at the invitation of the Argentine and Japanese G20 presidencies, UNDP and WRI have together advised the G20 Climate and Sustainability Working Group on the...

October 2018
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Long-term low greenhouse gas development strategies offer an opportunity for the G20 to set the leadership direction that will help steer the world toward a viable climate future. These strategies...

July 2018
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National-level implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement on climate change proceed on different tracks, despite growing recognition of the ample opportunities they present for...

September 2017
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Under the Paris Agreement, countries are invited to communicate “mid-century long-term low GHG emissions development strategies,” or “long-term strategies” by 2020. These strategies are central to achieving the long-term goal...