By putting into place stronger climate policies and measures in the next five years, China can peak carbon emissions as early as 2026 and get on track to achieving President Xi’s vision for carbon neutrality while generating nearly $1 trillion in net economic and social benefits in 2050.
This paper aims is a resource for national policymakers that are considering, designing and communicating net-zero targets. It provides recommendations for targets that are in line with the latest climate science and Paris Agreement temperature goals as well as an overview of countries’ targets to date.
This working paper is among the first to address the long-term climate strategy in Indonesia as well as make suggestions on how the strategy could be incorporated into the ongoing process. It identifies the benefits from producing a long-term climate strategy as well as the potential risks from failing to do so for Indonesia. This paper discusses the current progress of Indonesia’s long-term climate strategy, gaps in the process and enabling factors to move forward with an effective LTS for the country.
This commentary explores how two critical elements of the Paris Agreement – nationally determined contributions (NDCs) and long-term strategies (LTSs) – relate to one another, and how countries can allocate resources efficiently to develop both in a synergistic manner.
This paper takes stock of the long-term strategies submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to understand how these strategies perceive and handle uncertainties, and construct and present scenarios. The paper also proposes a model-assisted scenario analysis to help identify robust strategies in the face of uncertainties.