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This issue brief provides guidance to nonexperts on what to look for in reading and evaluating studies that model climate mitigation and determine if the studies are transparent about the assumptions and key inputs they use. Readers will use this brief to define what insights they wish to glean from modeling, identify studies whose goals and scope align with their interests, and as a guide for reviewing or commissioning a modeling study.


This paper examines how the United States, South Korea, China, and the European Union used green investments after the global financial crisis to help their economies recover, create jobs, and build up new industries. The lessons from 2008–2009 can help inform today’s policymakers designing economic stimulus packages in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.


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