Key Findings

  • Uniting NDCs and green transport not only helps achieve long-term climate and sustainability ambitions, it can drive an inclusive economic recovery. This is largely because investments in sustainable, low-carbon mobility show high promise for job creation, improved health and equity.
  • Meeting global climate goals to reduce transport emissions will require a comprehensive Avoid-Shift-Improve approach: 1) avoiding unnecessary vehicle travel; 2) shifting to sustainable modes such as public transport, bicycling, and walking; and 3) improving vehicle efficiency through technology and innovation.
  • Improving affordable public transport, curtailing motorized travel demand, decarbonizing and electrifying vehicles, improving the safety of road infrastructure, and/or promoting more active lifestyles through cycling and walking all impact the health, equity, and economic development of our cities.