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Guidance for Calculating Water Use Embedded in Purchased Electricity

This working paper provides the first comprehensive approach published that guides organizations on how to calculate upstream water withdrawals and consumption associated with purchased electricity. In addition to a structured methodology, the guidance document provides international country-level and U.S. subnational-level water use factors detailing grid average water withdrawal and consumption resulting from electricity consumption.

For data included in the Appendices of this paper, see here.

Executive Summary

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