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From Tracking to Action

Promoting Social Accountability in Adaptation Finance

Civil society has the power to make adaptation finance more transparent and accountable. The Adaptation Finance Accountability Initiative (AFAI) has developed a proven set of methods that civil society organizations can use to track the flow of adaptation funds and push their governments to direct those flows more effectively.

Key Findings


Civil society organizations:

  • Build national-level partnerships with other non-governmental organizations across different sectors and expertise (such as budget tracking, adaptation and development), and with government at national and local level.
  • Be more transparent in their own efforts to help communities to become more resilient
  • Engage in both upstream and downstream monitoring of adaptation finance flows and policies
  • Support local governments and communities in building their capacity to assess, identify, and prioritize adaptation actions

Local governments:

  • Convene organizations working locally to coordinate the implementation of adaptation activities at the local level
  • Involve local communities in assessment of vulnerabilities and impacts, and in design, implementation, and monitoring of adaptation activities
  • Invest in building the knowledge and capacity of local government officials to help them integrate adaptation into development planning
  • Provide inputs to national-level policymakers about the improvements to planning and budgeting systems that are necessary to ensure effective integration of adaptation
  • Communicate the adaptation needs of local communities to other local- and national-level decision-makers

National governments and parliaments:

  • Recognize the beneficial contribution of CSOs to enhancing the effective use of adaptation finance
  • Ensure proactive accountability by actively publishing information related to adaptation finance flows and decisions
  • Enhance reporting of adaptation finance (flows, objectives, and results) at national and local level, through measures including the use of clear definitions
  • Engage with communities to ensure that they are included in programming and monitoring of adaptation finance flows and activities
  • Involve and build capacity of local governments to participate in the entire life-cycle of adaptation actions, from assessment and design to monitoring and learning

International providers of adaptation finance:

  • Work closely with recipient countries to share information about planned and current adaptation activities
  • Publish project level climate/adaptation finance data and produce reports for each partner country that identifies adaptation support provide to the partner
  • Provide more information on the rationale behind labeling finance as adaptation funding
  • Specifically for bilateral donors:
    • Make project documents including contracts, review documents, and monitoring and evaluation reports available online
  • Specifically for multilateral development organizations, multilateral banks, and international climate funds:
    • Provide project-level financial information and details
    • Collaborate with recipients of grants and loans to ensure transparency of the whole funding chain, including publication of financial information by recipients of on-lending or other sub-projects
    • Include transparency as a criterion in the accreditation process by which implementing entities are granted access to funds


  • Mandate the standing committee on finance to update reporting requirements to facilitate third-party monitoring
  • Individual parties should commit to providing country-level information on adaptation finance

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