China, the United States, the European Union and India are the top four GHG emitters in the world, contributing over 48% of total global emissions. Unless these four regions enhance climate ambition, there is little hope of achieving the goals stated in the Paris Agreement. At the national level (Track I), governments are often subject to conflicting political interests, which threaten to stymie international collaboration around climate and energy issues.

WRI-U.S., in conjunction with WRI China and India offices, supports several “Track II Expert” dialogues, which are discussions among thought leaders to advance cooperation between one or more countries on issues consistent with WRI’s mission. WRI’s dialogues focus on strengthening communication and collaboration around climate change and energy among the United States, the European Union, China and India. We do so by supporting bilateral dialogues between each of the three countries to exchange ideas and build long-lasting international relations.

These dialogues bring together senior nongovernmental advisors, former government officials, and other stakeholders from each country. We work with actors from across the political spectrum, facilitating open and candid conversations with the aim of building ambition for climate action on both sides and advancing bilateral cooperation. Amidst a dynamic international political environment, these dialogues have become a platform for continuous communication, encouraging a better understanding in the United States, the European Union, China and India on what is happening in each country or region.

Here are some of the bilateral dialogues we convene:

China-U.S. High-Level Dialogue on Energy and Climate Change

WRI has been directing a Track II Experts Dialogue between China and the United States since September 2015, when delegates gathered to discuss shared climate and energy concerns in advance of the final negotiations of the Paris Agreement on climate change. Today the China-U.S. Dialogue is conducted with support from the Hewlett Foundation.

The Fifth China-U.S. High-Level Track II Experts Dialogue on Energy and Climate Change was held in Beijing in November 2019. The meeting brought together specialists from think tanks, government ministries, NGOs and academia to discuss a variety of topics, including climate adaptation, implementation of the Paris Agreement, and market mechanisms and carbon pricing. The Sixth China-U.S. Dialogue will be held virtually in May 2021.

India-U.S. Track II Dialogue on Climate Change and Energy

WRI has been supporting a Track II Experts Dialogue between India and the United States since 2010. Today, the India-U.S. Dialogue is conducted with support from the Aspen Institute. The Tenth India-U.S. Track II Experts Dialogue on Climate Change and Energy was held virtually in February 2021. In addition to discussing the state of climate and energy policy in both countries, Indian and United States delegates focused on sustainable finance, climate resiliency, water and subnational cooperation around e-mobility and solar energy.

E.U.-U.S. Dialogue on Climate Change

In 2020, WRI (in collaboration with E3G and NRDC) launched a new Expert Dialogue series between the United States and the European Union. Thus far, several virtual dialogues have been held, focusing on the most salient issues, and pressing concerns facing both regions: green recovery, cooperation with third countries on climate and energy and international climate progress through COP26. The dialogue will (virtually) convene several times in 2021, conducting deep-dives on sustainable finance, energy transitions, electrification of transport and trade.

China-India Dialogue

The New Climate Economy (NCE), the flagship project of the Global Commission on the Economy and the Climate, supports the China-India Dialogue in partnership with Tsinghua University, the Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER), WRI China, WRI India and other leading institutions. The Dialogue is a unique platform for the sharing of strategy, policy directions, and technical content among experts and practitioners between the two countries. Its longer-term objective is to create a forum for the exchange of insights and the identification of concrete opportunities for collaboration on the structural low-carbon transformation.

Three closed door China-India Dialogues have now taken place. Following the third Dialogue in March 2019, working groups were formed with technical experts from organizations from both countries on priority themes of potential research and policy collaboration between the two countries on energy and economic transition, cities of the future and food and land use (FOLU).