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This report discusses different legislative approaches that governments can implement to curb the impact of plastic pollution. The approaches adopted should be a matrix of bans, economic and tax, solid waste management, extended producer responsibility, and other educational approaches that create incentives and disincentives that result in less single-use plastic being created and thrown away.


This working paper describes sanitation access challenges in cities of the global south that have been overlooked in global indicators. In analyzing 15 cities, we found that almost two-thirds of urban residents lack access to safely managed sanitation, with access lowest in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. For these households, sanitation services are too expensive or unsafe. This paper highlights four key action areas for cities to improve sanitation access: extend the sewer and simplified sewer networks to household, communal and public toilets; support and regulate on-site sanitation in the absence of sewer systems; support citywide settlement upgrading; and make sanitation services affordable for all.

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