Report from Champions 12.3 shows that companies, consumers and governments can save billions of dollars and millions of tons of food by acting to cut food loss and waste

WASHINGTON (March 6, 2017)–One-third of all food produced in the world is never eaten, which has tremendous economic, social and environmental consequences. New research on behalf of Champions 12.3 finds that for every $1 companies invested to reduce food loss and waste, they saved $14 in operating costs. The report finds that household savings could be much greater.

In a first-of-its kind analysis, The Business Case for Reducing Food Loss and Waste evaluated financial cost and benefit data for 1,200 sites across 700 companies in 17 countries, finding that nearly every site realized a positive return on its investment to reduce food waste. The types of investments companies made include: quantifying and monitoring food loss and waste, training staff on practices to reduce waste, changing food storage and handling processes, changing packaging to extend shelf-life, changing date labels, and other staff and technology investments.

The 14:1 return on investment comes from not buying food that would have been lost or wasted, increasing the share of food that is sold to customers, introducing new product lines made from food that otherwise would have been lost or wasted, reducing waste management costs and other savings.

“A third of the world’s food is wasted – and yet almost a billion people go to bed hungry each night. That simply cannot be right. But even if the moral imperative doesn’t move us, the clear business case should swing people to act. What this research shows is that there’s now no social, environmental or economic reason why we should not come together and take action to reduce food waste,” said Dave Lewis, Group Chief Executive of Tesco and Chair of Champions 12.3.

Government Action Saves Consumers Significant Money

The research also finds that savings for consumers could be enormous. From 2007 to 2012, the United Kingdom ran a nationwide initiative to reduce household food waste. This included consumer education through the "Love Food Hate Waste" campaign via in-store messaging on proper food storage and preparation and use of leftovers; product innovations like re-sealable salad bags, changes to pack size and formats and date labelling; and financing to establish baseline data on food waste and monitor progress on reduction.

During this period, for every £1 the government, companies and the non-profit organization WRAP invested in these efforts to curb household food waste, consumers and local government saved £250. Over the first five years of this initiative, avoidable household food waste was reduced 21 percent. Figures released for 2012-2015 show that progress has stalled, which emphasises the need to regularly evaluate, review and adjust approaches to food waste reduction.

At a time of economic strain for many families, throwing away less food is a valuable way to put money back in people’s pockets. In the UK, the average household with children discards approximately £700 of edible food each year. In the United States, the average family of four wastes roughly $1,500 annually on food that goes into the garbage.

“Our experience suggests that there are two main barriers to food waste reduction: a lack of awareness of the scale of food waste in the business and the home and the business case for change,” said Marcus Gover, Chief Executive of WRAP. “This groundbreaking report we wrote with WRI shows there is a clear business case for tackling food waste for businesses, municipalities and governments. Given this analysis, our message is simple; target, measure and act. Above all act. It makes sense socially, environmentally and above all economically.”

City Investments in Curbing Food Waste Pay Off

In 2012, six London boroughs piloted a local-level Love Food Hate Waste campaign led by WRAP, ultimately saving local authorities £8 in avoided waste disposal costs for every £1 invested, and an average of £84 for households participating. After just six months, households had reduced their waste by 15 percent. London’s experience indicates great potential for other cities to save money and food by taking action to reduce food loss and waste. Other cities that are starting to tackle food waste, starting with measuring the problem, include Denver, Nashville, New York, and Jeddah (Saudi Arabia).

“The success we saw in the United Kingdom proves that it’s possible to make real inroads in reducing food waste,” said Liz Goodwin, Senior Fellow and Director of Food Loss and Waste at World Resources Institute and the new Chair of the London Waste and Recycling Board. “The challenge now is to get every country, major city and company to realise that reducing food loss and waste is a win-win. There are far too many tough, intractable problems in the world – food loss and waste doesn’t have to be one of them.”

In the study, government and business leaders also noted other reasons they find reducing food loss and waste beneficial, including better relationships with customers and suppliers, increasing food security, adhering to waste regulations, upholding a sense of ethical responsibility and promoting environmental sustainability. Since food loss and waste is responsible for an estimated 8 percent of annual greenhouse gas emissions, tackling this challenge can help lower emissions and meet commitments to the Paris Agreement.

The report recommends leaders take a “target, measure, act” approach to reduce the amount of food lost and wasted. First, every government and company should set a target to halve food loss and waste, in line with Target 12.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals. Second, governments and companies need to start measuring food loss and waste so they can identify hotspots and monitor progress over time. The recently launched Food Loss and Waste Accounting and Reporting Standard can help them do this. Third, leaders need to act, implementing programs and practices for reducing food loss and waste.

For more information, read the full report at


Shenggen Fan, Director General of the International Food Policy Research Institute:

"Evidence-based research is key to identifying the most effective ways and set the right investment priorities to reach the goal of halving food waste and loss by 2050. This report demonstrates the critical roles business, governments, and consumers play in meeting Sustainable Development Goal 12.3, and the economic benefits of reducing food waste and loss."

Peter Freedman, Managing Director of The Consumer Goods Forum:

"The CGF’s members are already committed to reducing food waste globally, as set out in our 2015 Food Waste Resolution. The compelling business case now presented by this research gives all of us in the consumer industry one more reason to accelerate implementation initiatives. We at the CGF are dedicated to providing practical implementation support and advice to our members, consistent with Champions 12.3’s target-measure-act approach."

Achim Steiner, Director of the Oxford Martin School, Oxford University:

“Tackling food waste and food loss is a no-brainer from just about every perspective. When one third of all food produced in the world is never eaten this not only represents extraordinary waste but also provides every one of us with an opportunity to do something about it. Whether as consumers or businesses, reducing food loss and food waste is something we can all play an active part in. This report on the business case provides fascinating insights into why business should play a leading role in this undertaking.”

Tristram Stuart, Founder of Feedback:

“This report demonstrates in the most concrete terms that saving food, saving money and saving the planet can be fully aligned: a call to action that no-one can ignore. It’s worth bearing in mind that those causing food waste aren’t always the ones who bear the full cost, so businesses – and policy makers – need to work together across supply chains to truly maximise the potential cost savings and environmental benefits of avoiding food waste.”

Peter Bakker, President and CEO, World Business Council for Sustainable Development:

“Too much food, or too little – this is something that everyone on the planet can connect with. Today, over one-third of the food we produce is lost or goes to waste – and while 800 million people go hungry every day, the weight loss industry generates revenue of about $60 billion per year in the U.S. alone. This report highlights the enormous opportunity we have to improve the effectiveness of our global food supply chains. Many organizations around the world are tackling issues related to food waste and food security – the next critical step is ensuring that we work together on these goals.”


The Business Case for Reducing Food Loss and Waste was made possible by support from Walmart Foundation and the Ministry of Economic Affairs of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Lead authors were Craig Hanson (WRI) and Peter Mitchell (WRAP).


Champions 12.3 is a coalition of nearly 40 leaders across government, business and civil society dedicated to inspiring ambition, mobilizing action, and accelerating progress toward achieving Target 12.3 of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals. Target 12.3 calls on the world to “halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses” by 2030.

The Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the World Resources Institute serve as co-secretariats of Champions 12.3.


Dave Lewis, Group Chief Executive, Tesco (Chair)

Erik Solheim, Executive Director, United Nations Environment (Co-Chair)

Vytenis Andriukaitis, European Commissioner for Health and Food Safety

Peter Bakker, President, World Business Council for Sustainable Development

John Bryant, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, Kellogg Company

Paul Bulcke, Chairman Designate and Member of the Board of Directors, Nestlé

Wiebe Draijer, Chairman of the Executive Board, Rabobank

Shenggen Fan, Director General, International Food Policy Research Institute

Peter Freedman, Managing Director, The Consumer Goods Forum

Louise Fresco, President of the Executive Board, Wageningen University & Research

Liz Goodwin, Senior Fellow and Director, Food Loss and Waste, World Resources Institute

Marcus Gover, Chief Executive Officer, Waste and Resources Action Programme

Hans Hoogeveen, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of the Netherlands to the UN Organizations for Food and Agriculture

Yolanda Kakabadse, President, WWF International

Sam Kass, Senior Food Analyst at NBC News and former U.S. White House Chef

Michel Landel, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Executive Committee, Sodexo

Esben Lunde Larsen, Minister of Environment and Food, Denmark

José Antonio Meade, Minister of Finance, Mexico

Gina McCarthy, Former Administrator, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Denise Morrison, President and Chief Executive Officer, Campbell Soup Company

Kanayo Nwanze, President, International Fund for Agricultural Development

Raymond Offenheiser, President, Oxfam America

Rafael Pacchiano, Secretary of the Environment and Natural Resources, Mexico

Cao Duc Phat, Former Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, Vietnam

Paul Polman, Chief Executive Officer, Unilever

Juan Lucas Restrepo Ibiza, Chairman, Global Forum on Agricultural Research

Judith Rodin, Former President, The Rockefeller Foundation

Oyun Sanjaasuren, Chair, Global Water Partnership

Lindiwe Majele Sibanda, Chief Executive Officer and Head of Mission, Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network – FANRPAN

Feike Sijbesma, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Managing Board, Royal DSM

Andrew Steer, President and Chief Executive Officer, World Resources Institute

Achim Steiner, Director of the Oxford Martin School, Oxford University

Tristram Stuart, Founder, Feedback

Rhea Suh, President, Natural Resources Defense Council

Rhoda Peace Tumusiime, Commissioner for Rural Economy and Agriculture, The African Union

Sunny Verghese, Co-Founder, Group Managing Director & Chief Executive Officer, Olam International

Tom Vilsack, Former Secretary, U.S. Department of Agriculture

Senzeni Zokwana, Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Republic of South Africa