A milk surplus and deficit map can be compared with
maps showing poverty rates and poverty densities in order
to plan more pro-poor dairy interventions. Such overlays
can, for example, pinpoint locations with multiple
deprivations (e.g., high levels of poverty and a shortfall of
milk) or with greater potential to reach a higher number
of poor in an investment area.
Focusing on milk deficit areas (with shortfalls greater
than 500 liters of milk per square kilometer per year) and
overlaying them with poverty rates shows the following
Mid- to high poverty rates and high milk deficits are
more widespread in eastern Uganda such as in Pallisa,
Kumi, Budaka, and Kaliro Districts. These areas also
have comparably high poverty densities (40-60 poor
persons per square kilometer).
Low poverty rates with high milk deficits are scattered
across the central and southwestern parts of the country.
Many of these areas appear to be in locations that
are more remote and further from big cities.
This brief comparison suggests that investment in dairy
development efforts in the highlighted eastern parishes
could potentially achieve two objectives: help move
households out of poverty and improve local milk supply
with nutritional benefits for poor households.