World Resources Report: Adaptation in a Changing Climate
2010-2011 WRR: Expert Perspectives
Effective decision making that helps societies around the world adapt to a changing climate will require answers to a number of complex, unresolved policy questions.
World Resources 2010 commissioned short papers from thought leaders and prominent practitioners that seek to answer, or inform, these key questions. Four or Five experts give their perspective on each question, drawing on lessons they have learned and opinions they have drawn from firsthand research and/or decision making in the field. A separate group of experts act as commentators on each set of commissioned papers. Both authors and commentators were drawn from developing and industrialized countries and from a range of backgrounds including national and local government planning, risk analysis, climate adaptation policy and ecosystems conservation.
We hope the exchange - all of which can be accessed on this website - provides significant input to the adaptation policy community, especially in the developing world. It also informs the policy guidance in the WRR summary report.
Questions and Responses
Question One: Does climate change require new approaches to making decisions?
- Shiv Someshwar: Adaptation to Climate Change: Moving Beyond "Reactive" Approaches
- Saleem Huq: Adapting to Climate Change: A Challenge and Opportunity
- Darren Swanson, Sreeja Nair, Stephen Tyler, and Dimple Roy: Harnessing Current Government Practices to Plan for and Adapt to the Risks and Uncertainty Posed by Climate Change
- Malini Mehra: Decision-Making for Uncertainty: Making Governance Systems "Fit for Purpose"
Question Two: How Can We Balance Today's Pressing Needs with Long Term Risks?
- Detlef F. Sprinz: Is Long-Term Climate Policy Feasible?
- Andreas Spiegel: Climate Change Adaptation: A Case for Preventative Action and Risk Transfer
- Carolina Zambrano-Barragán: Decision Making and Climate Change Uncertainty: Setting the Foundations for Informed and Consistent Strategic Decisions
- Dr. Mutasim Bashir Nimir and Mr. Ismail A. Elgizouli: Climate Change Adaptation and Decision Making in the Sudan
- Ajaya Dixit: Climate Change in Nepal: Impacts and Adaptive Strategies
Question Three: How can development agencies help vulnerable countries adapt effectively?
- Philip M. Gwage: Role of Development Partners in Adaptation Planning
- Bo Lim and Jennifer Baumwoll: Changing the Course of Development: UNDP's Role in Supporting National-Level Decision-Making Processes in a Changing Climate
- Mike Muller: Learning from Water Wars: Development Assistance for a Changing Climate
- Dr. Paul B. Siegel: "No Regrets" Approach to Decision-Making in a Changing Climate: Toward Adaptive Social Protection and Spatially Enabled Governance
Question Four: Must We Fundamentally Change Course to Conserve Ecosystems in a Changing Climate?
- Bruno Locatelli and Emilia Pramova: Forests and Adaptation to Climate Change: What is at Stake?
- Musonda Mumba, Richard Munang and Mike Rivington: Ecosystem Management: The Need to Adopt a Different Approach Under a Changing Climate
- Yolanda Kakabadse: New Streams of Thought: Managing Water and Ecosystems for Climate-Sustainable Development
- Janet Ranganathan and Craig Hanson: Tomorrow's Approach: Food Production and Ecosystem Conservation in a Changing Climate
Question Five: How Can Information for Adaptation Decision Making Be Collected and Disseminated?
- André Bassolé: How Can Information for Adaptation Decision Making be Collected and Disseminated?
- Riedner Mumbi: The RANET Project: Climate Information Collection in Zambia
- Pablo Suarez, Justin Benn, and Colleen Macklin: Putting Vulnerable People at the Center of Communication for Adaptation: Knowledge Sharing through Participatory Games and Video Tools
- Cristina Bueti and David Faulkner: ICTs as a Key Technology to Help Countries Adapt to the Effects of Climate Change
Question Six: What Types of Information Are Needed for Adaptation Decision Making?
- Roger Street: What Types of Information Are Needed for Adaptation Decision Making?
- Sives Govender: What Types of Information Are Needed for Climate Change Adaptation Decision Making in Africa?
- Amos Makarau: Decision Making Needs in a Changing Environment
- Molly Hellmuth: Information Needs for Climate Risk Management
- Diana Liverman: Informing Adaptation
Question Seven: Thought Leaders Explore How to Meet Both Today's Development Challenges and Tomorrow's Climate Risks
- Johan Rockström: Win-Win Solutions from a New Green Revolution
- Frances Seymour: No Regrets: Maintaining Forests for Adaptation and Mitigation
- Gro Harlem Brundtland: Towards a Climate Safe Common Future
- Mohamed El-Ashry: Adapting to Climate Change: No Time to Waste
Question Eight: The Private Sector
How can national-level governments learn from the private sector and encourage investment and decision making to promote the public good in a changing climate?
- Helmy Abouleish, Matthias Keitel, and Philipp Maximillian Boes: Egypt, SEKEM, and Climate Change
- Elizabeth Cheney: Public-Private Understanding Creates a Strong Foundation for a Sustainable Energy Future
- Fabio Abdala and Libby Archell: Alcoa’s Juruti Mining Project Seeking to Set Sustainability Benchmark
- Samantha Putt del Pino, Monika Kerdeman, Eliot Metzger, and Sally Prowitt: Making Climate Companies’ Business
- Dan Bena: A New Collaborative Era
Question Nine: Civil Society
How can civil society best support, and hold accountable, national-level governments in their efforts to integrate climate change risks into planning and policy-making processes?
- Brian Lund and Rebecca Pearl-Martinez: Climate Accountability: a Two-Way Street
- Adriana Ramos: Adaptation, Governance and Civil Society
- Crispino Lobo: Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation: The Need and Role of Civil Society Organisations
- Nella Canales: Civil Society and the Integration of Climate Change Risks into Planning and Policy-making