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The world’s energy systems must undergo a tremendous change. The coal, oil, and natural gas that fuel the majority of electricity generation produce more than one-third of global greenhouse gas emissions. Generous subsidies continue to support fossil fuel investment, despite growing evidence that clean energy can be lower-risk and often lower-cost. And more than 1.3 billion people still lack access to the electricity they need to raise their standard of living.

At the same time, the opportunity to shift global energy systems onto a more sustainable path has never been greater. Citizens are demanding cleaner, more reliable electricity. Governments are searching for low-carbon development options. Renewables like wind and solar are becoming increasingly cost-competitive.

WRI works with businesses, policymakers, and civil society to transform the global energy system. We aim to dramatically reduce greenhouse gas pollution while meeting the energy needs of the poorest and building competitive economies.

Our Charge initiative works to secure universal access to clean, affordable power. We shed light on the costs, benefits, and risks associated with different energy and policy options. We develop innovative approaches to buying, selling, and regulating clean electricity. We provide policy recommendations to advance renewable energy—particularly in major emerging economies like India and South Africa. And we foster collaboration amongst a diverse group of energy stakeholders, including regulators, utilities, businesses, governments, and civil society.

For highlights of our work to transform global energy systems, subscribe to our newsletter, WRI Energy Insights.

Publications & Resources

Carbon capture and sequestration, or CCS, involves the capture of CO2 from power plants and other large industrial sources, its transportation to suitable locations, and injection into deep undergroun

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Utility-Scale Renewable Energy

Understanding Cost Parity

This factsheet is simple, go-to resource outlining how electricity supply options (renewable vs. traditional), specifically utility-scale renewable energy systems, can be appropriately compared.

This publication is the final factsheet in a...

Eric Mackres

Manager, Building Efficiency

Eric is the Building Efficiency Manager with the WRI Ross Center for Sustainable Cities. He supports the Building Efficiency Initiative through program development, project management, and...

Tjokorda Nirarta "Koni" Samadhi

Country Director, Indonesia

Prior to joining WRI, Koni worked as Deputy Minister Head of Indonesia’s President Delivery Unit for Development Monitoring and Oversight (UKP4) for 5 years. While in this position, Koni played...


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