Extensive agricultural subsurface "tile" drainage in the Midwestern U.S. has important implications for nutrient pollution in surface water, notably the seasonal hypoxic "dead zone" in the Gulf of Mexico.
This Policy Note outlines how the environmental performance of agricultural BMPs can be estimated, and what steps are necessary for improving these estimations--both important elements for effectively allocating conservation funding. This Policy Note sets forth the following recommendations:
This report provides a new approach to examining the links between ecosystem services (the benefits derived from nature) and the poor.
Can reverse auctions be used to achieve cost-effective improvements in environmental quality?
In the ICRAN Mesoamerican ReefAlliance (ICRAN-MAR), several partners have come together in a three-year initiative to support regional efforts in response to the Tulum Declaration of 1997 for the conservation of the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef (Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, and Honduras).
The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) passed as part of Energy Policy Act (EPACT) of 2005 mandates that the U.S. produce 7.5 billion gallons of ethanol per year by 2012, but market conditions suggest that this level of production may be significantly exceeded by that year.
This Policy Note outlines economic and "fairness" reasons why supporting the sale of the cost-share portion of agricultural nutrient and sediment reductions is not the most appropriate policy for the USDA and other government agencies to adopt.
This Policy Note explores the allocation of funding in Farm Bill conservation programs, and offers recommendations on how to more efficiently and effectively allocate conservation funding.
For millennia, harvesting resources from the seas, lakes, and rivers has been a source of sustenance and livelihood for millions of people. That is nearly as true today as it was a century ago.
The Dead Zone is an hypoxic or oxygen-depleted zone in the Gulf of Mexico that is largely attributed to the loss of nitrogen from agricultural land in the Mississippi River Basin.
"Will governments be running the world in the next century? In this era of globalization, who will make the rules on investment, human rights and environment? How can citizens participate?"
The PAGE reports show that human action has profoundly changed the extent, distribution, and condition of all major ecosystem types.
World Resources 2000-2001 is the definitive guide to the global environment. The millennial edition presents a comprehensive assessment of vie fo the world's major ecosystems:
Recent years have brought new evidence of a burgeoning water crisis in mainland Southeast Asia. Cycles of flash floods and droughts emerged as the most serious threat to Vietnam’s growing agricultural economy.
In the United States today, almost 3,400 waterways are impaired by nutrient pollution. The Clean Water Act and other federal and state programs have helped to improve water quality, but much remains to be done to meet national goals.
Pilot Analysis of Global Ecosystems (PAGE): Coastal Ecosystems analyzes quantitative and qualitative information and develops selected indicators of the condition of the world's coastal ecosystems and marine fisheries.
Although the notion of sustainable agriculture is attracting considerable interest, little information has been available for evaluating current levels of agricultral sustainability in the United States or the policy options that will best promote it.
Say the words “extinction crisis,” and what most likely comes to mind first is a tropical forest in flames – an apt image when deforestation is the main force behind a species extinction rate unmatched in 65 million years.