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Reforming the federal tax code could advance economic growth as well as help the United States address a number of its environmental and energy challenges.

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The WRI White Paper "Designing Genes" explores the intersection of two critical, but rarely juxtaposed science and policy issues: the path to U.S. agricultural sustainability and the future of genetically engineered (GE) crops. These two issues meet in the U.S.

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Focusing on UNEP's North American region, comprised of Canada and the United States, this report provides an integrated analysis of the state of resource assets and 30–year trends in nine major themes:

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A 2003 analysis of the potential impact of U.S. climate change policy if it were to link greenhouse gas emission growth to a percentage of economic growth.

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If the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change were ratified by the U.S. Senate and a national program to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions put in place, some studies have suggested that American farmers would suffer dire economic consequences.

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In the United States today, almost 3,400 waterways are impaired by nutrient pollution. The Clean Water Act and other federal and state programs have helped to improve water quality, but much remains to be done to meet national goals.

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This report explains why delaying policy implementation threatens to make climate protection more, not less, costly while also postponing potential benefits from early action.

Findings include:

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Spells out a realistic and workable plan that ensures a healthy stock of environmental and natural resources assets. Examine environmental performance and trends in agriculture, electricity generation, transportation, and pulp and paper manufacturing.

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The United States and other nations are committed under the Framework Convention on Climate Change to prevent greenhouse gases from accumulating in the atmosphere, but the economic impacts of limiting greenhouse gas emissions are almost as uncertain as the impacts of climate change themselves.

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This report addresses a profoundly important question: given hard evidence that human activity is damaging the atmosphere, can we alter deeply embedded economic habits to forestall it? In at least one case -- the phase-out of ozone-depleting substances -- the answer is yes.

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Although the notion of sustainable agriculture is attracting considerable interest, little information has been available for evaluating current levels of agricultral sustainability in the United States or the policy options that will best promote it.

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In this report, Repetto and co-authors estimate the economic gains from shifting a significant chunk of the tax burden from income, profits, and payrolls onto congestion, pollution, and waste generation.

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Hundreds of billions of dollars are lost each year because the United States taxes economically productive resources such as capital and labor. Pollution taxes offer an alternative source of revenues that reduce these losses and reduce pollution.

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In theory, U.S. agriculture is a business enterprise like any other, so any decline of capital assets should figure in income calculations.

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Say the words “extinction crisis,” and what most likely comes to mind first is a tropical forest in flames – an apt image when deforestation is the main force behind a species extinction rate unmatched in 65 million years.

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