In Cameroon, the ratio of average household ICT spending in the BOP3000 income segment to that in the BOP1000 segment is 27:1.
India’s BOP market for ICT is 51 percent urban, with urban BOP households outspending rural ones 3:1.
In Brazil, the BOP market for ICT is 97 percent urban, and average annual spending by urban BOP households ($203) is seven times that spent by rural BOP households.
Those in the BOP cannot join the global economy, and benefit from it, until they are connected to it.
p>A thriving renewable energy industry is a critical solution to problems such as high energy prices and climate change. But unless Congress extends the renewable tax credits soon, the industry’s steady growth could stall.
Potential “leveling” mechanisms to promote international harmonization of compliance costs.
As biofuels become a larger part of the social, economic, and environmental strategies of countries around the world, standards and regulations are needed to ensure that biofuels do in fact reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and promote sustainable development.
What is a carbon tax?
What is a cap-and-trade program?
A cap-and-trade program sets a maximum limit, or a “cap,” on
greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from those facilities and sectors
covered by the regulation. An emitter covered by the cap
has two primary obligations:
Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is both hailed as a "silver bullet" for the coal industry, and reviled as a pipe dream. The reality is that the U.S. needs CCS, and a comprehensive policy framework for rapid development and deployment.
The proposed Congressional appropriation of $400 million per year over five years to support the deployment of clean energy technologies in developing countries could demonstrate much awaited United States leadership in responding to the global crisis of climate change.
Coal is a key fuel source for current and future electric power generation. Coal becomes even more critical when cost of electricity and security of supply issues are viewed in light of other fuel sources such as gas or uranium. Yet coal combustion
What is a Renewable Electricity Standard (RES)?
Individual installments are listed to the right.
This policy brief seeks to establish a framework for considering the complex and evolving links between energy security and climate change, and identifies three challenges:
Credit: Adapted from Sally Benson, Stanford University
The concept of sector-based climate agreements has become a staple of climate policy discussions in recent years.
Biofuels are being heralded as an alternative to oil that can be grown by farmers across the globe, addressing many of the economic, security, and environmental concerns associated with oil dependence.
Climate change is not just an environmental challenge. It is becoming a defining fact of economic development.