The proposal calls for an unconditional 29 percent emissions reduction by 2030; 41 percent if Indonesia receives international assistance and cooperation.
In 2009, Indonesia made a bold move by voluntarily pledging to achieve a 26 percent reduction in emissions against the business-as-usual scenario in 2020, or 41 percent with international support. Being a developing country with so much promise for economic growth and development, the international community applauded Indonesia for this daring target, which became a game-changer in the stagnant climate negotiations at the time. The National Action Plan on Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emission (RAN-GRK) was soon issued to guide its implementation.
Colombia’s new climate plan adopts a national, economy-wide emissions reduction target for the first time, aiming to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 20 percent below projected business-as-usual emissions by 2030.
The national climate contributions communicated by Parties to the UNFCCC ahead of COP21 will form the core elements of the international climate agreement.
This paper provides a framework and guidance for countries on how to develop and communicate a contribution that is “fair and...
This week's climate talks in Bonn made important progress on the core structure of an international climate agreement, but time is short and countries will need to intensify their efforts to set the stage for success at COP21 in Paris in December.
Energy use in China's buildings is projected to rise by 40 percent between 2009 and 2030. Reducing this sector's footprint is critical for achieving the country's target of peaking its emissions by 2030.
So far, 56 countries (including 28 member states of the European Union) have submitted their intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Reflecting the nationally determined nature of these climate contributions, they vary significantly in form, scope and coverage. Yet a key question for all of them is: Have they provided information about whether they are fair and ambitious?
Australia’s just-announced plan for tackling climate change over the next decade proposes to cut emissions 26-28 percent from 2005 levels by 2030.
Countries responsible for more than half of global greenhouse gas emissions have now released their post-2020 climate action plans. How do they stack up, and what impact will they have in reining in warming?
In one of the least aggressive climate action plans of any developed country to date, Japan announced its commitment to reduce its emissions 26 percent below 2013 levels by 2030.