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Interpreting INDCs: Assessing Transparency of Post-2020 Greenhouse Gas Emissions Targets for 8 Top-Emitting Economies

This paper evaluates the transparency of the greenhouse gas emissions targets presented in the INDCs of eight major emitters —Brazil, China, the European Union, India, Indonesia, Japan, Mexico, and the United States—which, together, contribute nearly two-thirds of annual global emissions. It...

A strong Paris agreement can send the signal to the world that the global transformation to a climate-resilient, zero-carbon economy is underway. Seven graphics reveal recent progress the world has made, as well as what needs to be done in Paris and beyond to truly overcome the climate change challenge.

As of this Monday, 174 countries had submitted their national climate plans to the UN, in preparation for the Paris climate summit that begins next week. These “Intended Nationally Determined Contributions” (INDCs) show countries are stepping up to take collective action to address climate change. Governments have set out a variety of different approaches, including specifying absolute emissions-reduction targets, setting economy-wide emissions intensity goals, outlining efforts to adapt to the impacts of climate change, and detailing specific actions they plan to take in a range of...

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