Nearly 10 million hectares were burned by fires that engulfed areas of Indonesia in 1997 and 1998. The fires were mostly ignited by plantation companies and others eager to clear forest land as rapidly and cheaply as possible.
Recent years have brought new evidence of a burgeoning water crisis in mainland Southeast Asia. Cycles of flash floods and droughts emerged as the most serious threat to Vietnam’s growing agricultural economy.
This note aims to identify the broader implications of the Aarhus Convention and to influence the debate over disclosure policies by international and global institutions.
WRI's Institutions and Governance Program has completed an asessment of national councils for sustainable development (NCSDs).
In 1995, the World Resources Institute published a comparative study of national laws and policies affecting forests and forest-dwellers in India, Indonesia, Nepal, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and PNG (Lynch and Talbott, 1995). The study arrived at two main conclusions.
Millions of children living in the world’s largest cities, particularly in developing countries, are exposed to life-threatening air pollution two to eight times above the maximum World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines.
The government of Lao PDR has recently promulgated a series of laws and policies governing the allocation and use of natural resources. These reforms have positive long-term implications for rural development and environmental protection.
Burma holds more than half of mainland Southeast Asia's closed forest, and is often called "the last frontier of biodiversity in Asia." Having lost virtually all of their original forest cover, Burma's neighbors -- China, India, and Thailand -- rely increasingly on Burma as a source of timber.
Recommends policies to promote renewed forest stewardship and sound environmental management neglected during the Mobutu dictatorship and civil war. Argues that proper husbanding of the country's forest resources can act as a stimulant to economic growth.
The raging fires that recently destroyed large portions of the Brazilian Amazon, have generated global concern for the future on the world's last few intact forest frontiers. Indeed, Indonesia's and Venezuela's forests have also suffered fire-induced destruction.
In the end of March 1992, unilaterally the Indonesian government decided not to accept further financial assistance from Holland.
Terms of reference
Re-scaling field-conservation programs to cover whole ecosystems through bioregional management programs can increase the opportunities to protect and restore biodiversity efficiently and foster its sustainable use.
The world's farmers face a major challenge achieving food security for 5.7 billion people while producing crops sustainably.
Tropical forests are vanishing at alarming rates throughout Africa, Asia, and Latin America, and their many contributions to huan welfare are being undermined. Despite increased efforts to stem deforestation, recent findings indicate that the problem is getting worse.
Throughout much of the developing world, accelerating deforestation is laying waste to vital economic assets, destroying fragile soils, and driving wild species to extinction. In industrialized countries as well, forests are imperiled by pollution and contested by conflicting uses.
Focusing on the role of energy in the global economy, this frequently quoted report notes that unstable and unstainable energy prices have brough about many problems -- high inflation rates, world recession, and mountind debt burdens.