Tax expenditures are provisions in the U.S. federal tax code that provide special tax benefi ts for selected economic activities or taxpayers. A number of tax expenditures add to greenhouse gas emissions by encouraging production and consumption of fossil fuels.
Project appraisals and other documents indicate the extent to which climate change considerations are actually included in the Bank's loans. A review of publicly available documents for 2000 to 2006 assessed whether project documents accounted for GHG emissions, identified alternative approaches
At the end of June 2006, World Bank President Paul Wolfowitz announced an internal restructuring of two vice presidencies: the Bank's "networks" for Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development (ESSD) and Infrastructure were integrated into a new Vice Presidency for Sustainable Developmen
In recent years several Republican and Democratic governors have imposed new pollution taxes, often winning bipartisan acclaim. A growing number of commentators have supported such measures at the federal level.
Reforming the federal tax code could advance economic growth as well as help the United States address a number of its environmental and energy challenges.
The authors explore the United States' position on developing countries in climate protection efforts.
Rules governing the global environment and the international economy are currently decided in separate arenas.
Despite commitments to technology transfer and efforts to put in place a clean development mechanism (CDM), climate negotiators, civil society groups, and development finance experts have overlooked a set of public financing institutions who are already influencing the energy-intensity of develop
The international climate change negotiations over how the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) should operate, could become stuck over the question of how the CDM will be structured. A review of Parties' submissions reveals three clear alternatives for the CDM’s core structure....
The purpose of the survey was to gain a sense of how the community of non-governmental organizations that until recently focused on multilateral development bank reform is responding to the rise of private investment flows to developing and transition economies.
In the years since the Earth Summit in Rio, financial globalization has compounded the challenge of reconciling economic growth with environmental sustainability.
The purpose of this paper is to answer the question: How has financial globalization (including recent changes in the magnitude and composition of financial flows to Mexico, as well as resulting changes in the roles and importance of various public and private sector institutions) directly and in