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A recent KPMG report highlights ten “sustainability megaforces” that will shape markets in the decades to come. The list includes population growth, energy and fuel, ecosystems decline, and material resource scarcity, among others. These interconnected trends will create risks and opportunities for business. In response, companies need new strategies, particularly for market impacts relating to what KPMG calls the “megaforce” influencing all others: climate change.

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In a world where the physical impacts of environmental degradation are already being felt, and most governments have embraced some form of regulation to mitigate further damage to the environment, environmental concerns are increasingly relevant to companies’ bottom

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In many regions around the world, demand for fresh water now outstrips renewable supplies. Water scarcity is projected to worsen considerably due to a combination of factors such as population increase, higher incomes and changing lifestyles, pollution, and climate change.

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The world is entering an era when natural resource constraints, environmental policies, and shifting consumer values will create unprecedented demands on the private sector. Recent spikes in the prices of energy and food commodities illustrate the dynamic forces that are changing the world.

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A scarcity of clean, fresh water presents increasing risks to companies in many countries and many economic sectors. These risks are difficult for investors to assess, due both to poor information about the underlying supply conditions and to fragmentary or inadequate reporting by individual

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Over the past 50 years human activity has altered ecosystems faster and more extensively than ever before in human history.

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This report, released in December 2005, is a tool for determining the greenhouse gas emission reduction benefits of climate mitigation projects.

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Policies to regulate greenhouse gas emissions caused by human activity are being developed and implemented in major markets around the world. Because these new policies bring with them costs as well as opportunities, prudent investors will factor climate change risk into investment decisions.

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This report reviews corporate greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions management based on the experiences of nine large corporations from various economic sectors. In 2003 WRI began convening this group of companies, all of which are based in the northeastern U.S.

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The oil and gas industry will confront two major environmental issues in the coming decade-the prospect of policies to combat climate change and constrained access to oil and gas reserves.

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In Coming Clean: Corporate disclosure of financially significant environmental risks, WRI economists Robert Repetto and Duncan Austin examine the extent to which one group of companies are failing to disclose their exposure to financially material environmental issues.

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Currently, countries measure their economic growth and performance through the System of National Accounts (SNA).

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SCSB partners are already taking steps to focus on the issue of climate change because it is important not only that we understand the issues but also that we understand and control our own emissions.

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This report and its companion data tables provide for the first time a set of indicators to evaluate the impacts of trade on environment in the Latin American and Caribbean region. These estimates cover 14 pollution categories, over 8 exporting sectors for 16 countries.

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