Women have historically been left out of infrastructure fields like energy and transport. Will the low-carbon transition offer more job opportunities for women?
Sustainable Development Goal 5
Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.
Issues arising from gender inequality affect people in all societies, particularly in the developing world. Despite progress, child marriage, sexual violence against partners, wage disparity and underrepresentation in managerial positions and government remain barriers to women’s full participation in society. And women continue to face persistent discriminatory laws and social norms, many of which are aggravated by climate and other environmental crises.
WRI promotes gender equality throughout our global network through the work of our international offices, centers and programs. Our research and engagement with stakeholders support women’s engagement in decision-making (SDG 5.5) and their access to resources (SDG 5.1, SDG 5.A, SDG 5.C). Many of our programs enable women to benefit from new economic and social opportunities generated by sustainable development practices (SDG 5.B).
Through our Gender and Social Equity Initiative and our Governance Center, WRI works to standardize the implementation of gender equity in environmental and sustainable development policies (SDG 5.1, SDG 5.5). Our Gender and Social Equity Initiative works across the organization to elevate understanding of gender and equity issues. Our Land and Resource Rights Practice promotes women’s equal rights to govern, use and benefit from land and resources within indigenous peoples and customary communities, including those governed by collective tenure systems.
Research shows that water projects can become more effective when women participate. So why are they still being left out?
In a study of corporate land deals with rural communities in Tanzania and Mozambique, women consistently received less in return for their land, and had a harder time once they were relocated—despite national commitments to gender equality.
Advancing women’s land right rights is critical to achieving gender equality. But WRI’s new working paper A Fair Share for Women: Toward More Equitable Land Compensation and Resettlement in Tanzania and Mozambique finds that, despite constitutional commitments to gender equality, governments in Tanzania and Mozambique are not protecting women from harmful commercial land deals. State officials’ failure to close gaps in land laws and overhaul ineffective regulations shortchanges women who receive little to no payment for their families’ land, while attempts to amplify women’s voices in community land decision-making are also falling short.