In the EU, Spain, Mexico, Peru and Uganda, positive examples of how inequality and climate change can be tackled together, with inclusive planning, nature-based solutions, and a focus on a just transition.
Sustainable Development Goal 10
Reduce inequality within and among countries.
Although the number of people living in extreme poverty has dropped by more than 25% over the last three decades, income disparities are increasing. In 2019, the world’s 26 richest people owned as much as the poorest 50%, more than 3.5 billion people.
WRI assesses inequalities in opportunity, income and power, and offers recommendations to develop just, sustainable solutions. We focus on key systems: energy, water, cities, industry, agriculture, fisheries and forests (SDG 10.2, SDG 10.3, SDG 10.4). We also analyze the impacts of climate change and other environmental challenges on the most vulnerable communities and develop and promote approaches to climate action that would support the poorest (e.g. through redistribution of the revenues from carbon pricing).
Working with governments and civil society, WRI strives to involve underrepresented groups, including women, youth, minorities and indigenous people, in decision-making (SDG 10.2, SDG 10.6). We champion the implementation of equitable climate actions that leave no one behind. Our Land and Resource Rights Initiative shows how securing the land rights of rural and indigenous communities helps protect forests, ecosystems and livelihoods (SDG 10.2) as well as sequester carbon and ensure sustainable land management (SDG 13).
WRI is a founding member and serves on the steering group of LandMark Map, the first online, interactive global platform to map lands that are collectively held and used by indigenous peoples and local communities. The maps help indigenous peoples and communities protect their rights and secure tenure over their lands. Our Gender and Social Equity Initiative addresses discrimination and other challenges for chronically disadvantaged and marginalized groups.
About half of the world's land is collectively held. In this podcast, WRI Vice President Lawrence MacDonald interviews Peter Veit, director of the Land and Resource Rights Initiative in the Governance Center at WRI, about the social, environmental and economic case for securing tenure for indigenous and community lands.
Inequality around the world is rising. Managing water resources lies at the center of the challenge—if we can manage water more equitably, we'll improve livelihoods and opportunities around the world.
Indigenous peoples and communities manage their forests and other ecosystems well if they have secure rights over their land, but getting legal recognition of these rights is often a challenge. LandMark, a new online platform, can help address this challenge.
Up to 65 percent of the world's land is held by Indigenous Peoples and communities. Yet most of it is unmapped and not formally demarcated, and therefore invisible to the world.