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Sustainable Development Goal 10

Reduce inequality within and among countries.

Although the number of people living in extreme poverty has dropped by more than 25 percent over the last three decades, income disparities are increasing. In 2019, the world’s 26 richest people owned as much as the poorest 50 percent, more than 3.5 billion people.

WRI assesses inequalities in opportunity, income and power, and offers recommendations to develop just, sustainable solutions. We focus on key systems: energy, water, cities, industry, agriculture, fisheries and forests (SDG 10.2, SDG 10.3, SDG 10.4). We also analyze the impacts of climate change and other environmental challenges on the most vulnerable communities, and develop and promote solutions to support the poorest.

Working with governments and civil society, WRI strives to involve underrepresented groups, including women, youth, minorities and indigenous people, in decision-making (SDG 10.2, SDG 10.6). We champion the implementation of equitable climate actions that leave no one behind. Our Land and Resource Rights Initiative shows how securing the land rights of rural and indigenous communities helps protect forests, ecosystems and livelihoods (SDG 10.2) as well as sequestering carbon and ensuring sustainable land management (SDG 13).

LandMark Map, on which WRI serves as a steering committee and founding member, is the first online, interactive global platform that provides maps on lands that are collectively held and used by Indigenous Peoples and local communities. The global platform helps Indigenous Peoples and communities protect their land rights and secure tenure over their lands. Our Gender and Social Equity Initiative addresses discrimination and other challenges for chronically disadvantaged and marginalized groups.

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