Secure land rights for women is recognized as critical for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), particularly for eradicating poverty and ending hunger and gender equality (Goals 1, 2 and 5). Progress has been made in securing women’s land rights through titling, but the challenges women face require a more robust range of interventions to ensure that they can make decisions on land use and reap benefit from the land. These include more gender-equitable laws as well as training and capacity-building for women. Secure land rights uplifts the whole community and moves the world closer to realizing the SDGs.
Sustainable Development Goal 1
End poverty in all its forms everywhere.
Although the number of people living in extreme poverty declined in recent decades, progress has begun to slow. In 2015, 10% of the world’s citizens still suffered deep, entrenched deprivation. Projections indicate that 6% will still be living in extreme poverty in 2030 — double the SDG target.
Natural disasters resulting from a changing climate jeopardize the world’s hard-won progress against poverty. So does violent conflict, which is often intensified by competition over natural resources.
The New Climate Economy project, for which WRI serves as the managing partner, has been identifying pathways to deliver strong, inclusive growth and poverty reduction in ways that also achieve climate goals since 2014. WRI has adopted this people-centered approach in our climate work with key countries, sub-national governments and sectors. Our work helps drive transitions to low-carbon, sustainable and poverty-reducing development that will ensure access to essential resources for everyone (SDG 1.4). We work to create decent job opportunities for all (SDG 1.1, SDG 1.2) and empower women and other groups traditionally marginalized in decision-making (SDG 1.B).
WRI is also responding with timely analysis and tools that help governments and other stakeholders strengthen the climate resilience of vulnerable populations (SDG 1.1, SDG 1.2, SDG 1.5). The Global Commission on Adaptation, which WRI manages together with the Global Center on Adaptation, seeks to increase political support for building climate resilience, recognizing that climate impacts are here, they are getting worse and they are hitting the poorest and most vulnerable people the hardest.
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There is a strong and compelling environment and development case to be made for securing indigenous and community lands. Securing collective land rights offers a low-cost, high-reward investment for developing country governments and their partners to meet national development objectives and the 17 Sustainable Development Goals. Securing community lands is also a cost-effective climate mitigation measure for countries when compared to other carbon capture and storage approaches.