The development of a global system of marine protected areas (MPAs) lags far behind that of the terrestrial biosphere in both the extent and the effectiveness of its coverage.
An ideal assessment would examine conservation importance at both the species level (examining endemics and total species) and the ecosystem level (examining unique habitats).
As the map "Most areas with high reef fish species diversity are threatened . .
When corals undergo certain kinds of stress, much of the zooxanthellae -- the symbiotic algae that provide coral polyps with nutrients -- are expelled from the coral tissue.
The use of cyanide to stun and capture live coral reef fish began in the 1960s in the Philippines to supply the growing market for aquarium fish in Europe and North America, a market now worth more th
About 9 percent of the world's mapped reefs are found in this region, most of which are located along the Central American coast and off the Caribbean islands.
Over 80 percent of the reefs in this region are at risk, and over half (56 percent) are at high risk.
Of the 2.6 billion people who live on less that $2 per day, almost 2 billion live in rural areas, in countries whose economies and people are most dependent on natural resources.
Potential “leveling” mechanisms to promote international harmonization of compliance costs.
The right of access to information in guaranteed in the constitutions of many countries.
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