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To avert the worst impacts of climate change, the world needs to invest trillions of dollars in green infrastructure between now and 2030, and the private sector will be responsible for the lion’s share of this capital. The targeted use of innovative financial instruments by both public and private sector actors can help attract private sector participation and unlock investment by distributing risk to those best able to bear it. These include solutions that deploy bonds, equity, guarantees, and insurance.

The Finance Center’s research and analysis, convening, and outreach related to financial instruments explores innovative approaches to reduce and transfer risk, redirect investments, and maximize public and private benefits. We partner with other WRI centers and programs to explore innovative ways to finance sustainable solutions in water, energy, forests, and cities.

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