World Resource Institute

Background Papers

The Global Commission on Adaptation commissioned a series of background papers to inform the Commission's flagship report. These papers are intended to produce a concise yet comprehensive assessment of adaptation in a key system or cross-cutting issue. Below are links to download the papers.


Food Security & Smallholder Livelihoods

Natural Environment


Cities & Urban Areas


Private Sector

Social Equity and Protection

Cross-Cutting Issues

Discussion Papers