This December, negotiators from nearly 200 countries will convene at COP21 in Paris with the aim of forging a legally-binding international climate agreement. The good news is that the world is already taking steps toward a low-carbon and climate resilient economy. An unprecedented number of countries submitted national plans to deal with climate change. Investments in renewable wind and solar energy are on the rise, major corporations are aligning their business practices with climate science, religious leaders are calling for action based on moral responsibility, and cities across the globe are taking measures to make urban life more sustainable. But alone, these actions are not yet enough to avoid irreversible climate change, nor to prevent and tackle the serious damages already felt by the most vulnerable communities around the world. A successful global climate agreement in Paris can drive even more ambitious action in the years to come, and can send the signal to the world that the transition to a low-carbon and climate resilient society is here to stay.
But what are the critical elements of a strong climate agreement at COP21? In this new, short video, we describe the ingredients to success:
In short, the Paris pact must do three things:
|1. Put in place a process for countries to regularly increase their climate efforts on mitigation and adaptation, along with scaled up finance, capacity building and technology transfer, in a timely way—at least once every five years starting in 2020.|
2. Set long-term goals for mitigation and adaptation to help the world cope with climate impacts and phase out greenhouse gas emissions as early as possible in the second half of the century.
3. Ensure countries are transparent and accountable for their climate action and support commitments, through a process that regularly evaluates their progress.
Find our more about COP21, and about how countries, business, the public, faith groups and civil society are taking climate action to catalyze the transformation to a low-emission economy.