World Greenhouse Gas Emissions in 2005 is a comprehensive view of global, anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The chart in this working paper is an updated version of the original chart, which appeared in Navigating the Numbers: Greenhouse Gas Data and International Climate Policy (WRI, 2005).
This working paper aims to clarify the issues around insurance mechanisms designed to improve resilience among the poor to climate change impacts. We hope the analysis will inform the ongoing insurance discussions at the UNFCCC in the build up to the Conference of Parties in Copenhagen in December 2009.
This paper seeks to facilitate progress on the provisions
in the BAP by examining how Chinese climate change
policy and the implementation of these policies is
monitored at the domestic level and may offer insights
to the international community as they consider an
international structure for measuring, reporting and
verifying developing country actions. China provides a
rich set of examples of such policies due to its active
efforts to cut its growth in energy use and reducing its
dependence on fossil fuels. The paper therefore looks
at mitigation policies and measures in China across
a variety of sectors and at policies and measures that
employ both qualitative and quantitative measurement
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change employs a system of national communications and greenhouse gas inventories to monitor implementation of the Convention. This analysis examines the strengths and weaknesses of that system in the context of a post-2012 international climate change agreement, considering the Bali Action Plan provisions on measurement, reporting, and verification. It concludes that while the existing system contains elements that can support some parts of a post-2012 framework, a significant retrofit, accompanied by new processes, will be needed to measure, report, and verify the obligations envisioned in the Bali Action Plan.
As country representatives meet under the auspices of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to forge a new climate agreement, a major challenge dominates discussions: how can a system be created to assure that countries are held accountable
for their commitments and actions to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) and their obligations to provide technology, finance and capacity building support? This working paper seeks to facilitate progress on this critical component of a successful climate agreement.
It aims to help policy-makers, UNFCCC negotiators and civil society groups navigate the complexity of the “MRV” challenge by focusing attention on central questions
in advance of the December talks in Copenhagen and presenting country positions to date.
Technology is one of the four “pillars” of a post-
2012 climate policy laid out in the Bali Action Plan
(BAP). In practice a multilateral climate agreement
will not be the primary driver of clean technology
development, deployment, and transfer. But given
the central importance of this issue in the BAP, the
provisions for technology in the evolving climate
agreement will have a major bearing on the success
of negotiations. Designed correctly, they may also
play an important complementary role in facilitating
the adoption of clean technologies.
This paper reviews Party submissions to the
UNFCCC and identifies emerging areas of consensus
and debate that may offer constructive grounds for
negotiations going forward. The paper explores how
an international agreement might facilitate and encourage
a range of technology cooperation efforts by
channeling funding, providing a forum for capacity
building and learning exchange, and creating a
framework for measuring, reporting, and verifying
support and actions.
The first meeting of the Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate wrapped up here yesterday. The forum, convened by U.S. President Barack Obama, was attended by representatives of 17 major economies, the United Nations, and several developing countries.
This report looks beyond quantifying emissions reductions at a more flexible approach for recognizing mitigation actions being taken by developing countries in the forest sector. This approach ensures that countries with high historical emissions are not necessarily favored for support, and it allows for a broader set of MRV criteria to capture country’s efforts to change the drivers of deforestation and forest degradation.
Even though climate change affects
countries differently, all countries will
need to perform many of the same
adaptation functions, such as climate
information management and public
engagement in adaptation planning. At
the end of 2008, the World Resources
Institute convened a technical workshop
in Bellagio, Italy to begin enumerating a
shared set of critical adaptation functions.
The resulting “Bellagio Framework”
can help identify strengths and gaps in
adaptation capacities in a given country,
as a basis for prioritizing adaptation
actions and investments.