In 2009, Indonesia made a bold move by voluntarily pledging to achieve a 26 percent reduction in emissions against the business-as-usual scenario in 2020, or 41 percent with international support. Being a developing country with so much promise for economic growth and development, the international community applauded Indonesia for this daring target, which became a game-changer in the stagnant climate negotiations at the time. The National Action Plan on Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emission (RAN-GRK) was soon issued to guide its implementation.
The conventional wisdom that addressing climate change will cost money, jobs and growth is being well and truly debunked, says WRI President and CEO Andrew Steer. Next week's Climate Week NYC and UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) Summit illustrates this in spades.
Colombia’s new climate plan adopts a national, economy-wide emissions reduction target for the first time, aiming to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 20 percent below projected business-as-usual emissions by 2030.
The national climate contributions communicated by Parties to the UNFCCC ahead of COP21 will form the core elements of the international climate agreement.
This paper provides a framework and guidance for countries on how to develop and communicate a contribution that is “fair and...
What Counts: Tools to Help Define and Understand Progress Towards the $100 Billion Climate Finance Commitment
This working paper, a collaboration with WRI, CPI and ODI, aims to make a positive contribution in the lead up to Paris by first unpacking the key variables Parties have emphasized in debates about “what counts”, and then proposing an approach to classifying climate finance that Parties could...
The finance stream of the UN climate negotiations in Bonn, Germany, last week showed a clearer narrative emerge about the key elements that should be included in the outcomes of the December climate summit in Paris.
Energy use in China's buildings is projected to rise by 40 percent between 2009 and 2030. Reducing this sector's footprint is critical for achieving the country's target of peaking its emissions by 2030.
We’re now entering the final, significant stages of negotiations leading up to the major climate summit in Paris in December known as COP21, where countries will reach a new international climate agreement. There are now two week-long negotiating sessions remaining before Paris; the first takes place next week in Bonn, Germany. What issues will negotiators face and what needs to happen at the Bonn meeting?
So far, 56 countries (including 28 member states of the European Union) have submitted their intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Reflecting the nationally determined nature of these climate contributions, they vary significantly in form, scope and coverage. Yet a key question for all of them is: Have they provided information about whether they are fair and ambitious?