So far, 56 countries (including 28 member states of the European Union) have submitted their intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Reflecting the nationally determined nature of these climate contributions, they vary significantly in form, scope and coverage. Yet a key question for all of them is: Have they provided information about whether they are fair and ambitious?
Australia’s just-announced plan for tackling climate change over the next decade proposes to cut emissions 26-28 percent from 2005 levels by 2030.
While the public focus is often on mitigation – how much countries are willing to reduce emissions, by when and with what degree of transparency – adaptation to the impacts of climate change demands the same level of attention.
Countries responsible for more than half of global greenhouse gas emissions have now released their post-2020 climate action plans. How do they stack up, and what impact will they have in reining in warming?
In one of the least aggressive climate action plans of any developed country to date, Japan announced its commitment to reduce its emissions 26 percent below 2013 levels by 2030.
Action from the world's two largest emitters, which together account for 38 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions, should inspire greater climate commitments from other nations.
As Karl Hausker noted in a Congressional testimony, the United States can not only achieve its goal of reducing emissions 26-28 percent by 2025—doing so will actually create economic and quality-of-life benefits.
The joint statement goes beyond research and development and embraces an unprecedented accord on climate targets, where both countries committed to increase their share of renewables by 20 percent by 2030.
The world’s largest emitter plans to peak its emissions around 2030 and increase its share of non-fossil fuels in energy consumption to around 20 percent by the same year. The country's new climate plan also builds on these commitments with additional announcements on carbon intensity, forests, adaptation and more.
WASHINGTON (JUNE 30, 2015)— China formally submitted its contribution to United Nations climate talks today. The pledge commits China to a peak in emissions by 2030, an increase in the share of non-fossil fuels in its energy mix by about 20 percent by 2030, and a reduction in carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP by 60-65% by 2030, from 2005 levels.