In South Africa more than half the traffic on Vodacom’s mobile network in 2004 came not from its 8 million subscribers but from 4,400 entrepreneur-owned phone shops where customers rent access to ph
In Eastern Europe and Latin America all measured countries show a top-heavy BOP spending pattern, illustrated here by Russia.
The median of annual BOP per household spending on health for Cameroon is $33.89.
In Cameroon, the ratio of average household ICT spending in the BOP3000 income segment to that in the BOP1000 segment is 27:1.
India’s BOP market for ICT is 51 percent urban, with urban BOP households outspending rural ones 3:1.
In Brazil, the BOP market for ICT is 97 percent urban, and average annual spending by urban BOP households ($203) is seven times that spent by rural BOP households.
Those in the BOP cannot join the global economy, and benefit from it, until they are connected to it.
p>A thriving renewable energy industry is a critical solution to problems such as high energy prices and climate change. But unless Congress extends the renewable tax credits soon, the industry’s steady growth could stall.
Potential “leveling” mechanisms to promote international harmonization of compliance costs.
Reviewing Biofuels' Impacts and Policy Recommendations...
This article summarizes and updates the conclusions of the [Plants at the Pump](node/9241) report, released in December 2007.