Drained peatland caused by agricultural expansion is an important but little-known source of emissions in tropical regions. New WRI research finds that the annual emissions from peat drainage in Indonesia and Malaysia equate to emissions from nearly 70 coal plants, or the total annual emissions of Vietnam.
Companies, especially those with consumer-facing brands, have become increasingly concerned about the reputational, operational and legal risks posed by deforestation. So some are seeking out ways to root it out of their supply chains.
New data on Global Forest Watch shows that in some of the world's most heavily forested nations, more than 90 percent of tree cover loss is happening in natural forests rather than plantations. That's a problem since natural forests, especially those in the tropics, provide much greater climate, biodiversity and water benefits over planted lands.
Mapping Tree Plantations with Multispectral Imagery: Preliminary Results for Seven Tropical Countries
Tree plantations continue to expand worldwide to meet demand for timber, wood fiber, fruits, and vegetable oils such as palm oil. Many countries report national statistics on the area of land in plantations, but the extent and locations of these plantations are often not documented. This study...
Because palm oil production is a major driver of deforestation in the humid tropics, it poses potential reputational risks to companies associated with it. But how should businesses trace palm oil in their supply chains? One way is to look at palm oil mills.
Fires from this year alone have tripled Indonesia's annual emissions.
More than half the fires are burning on peatlands, which hold some of the highest quantities of carbon on Earth.
Thirty percent of Indonesia’s territories have been handed over to private companies as concessions, with many of them overlapping with indigenous lands. Here are three ways Indonesia can strengthen land rights for local communities while also benefiting government, businesses and the environment.
In Kalimantan, Indonesia’s largest palm oil-producing region, it’s possible to fully protect the most valuable forests and reduce emissions by 35 percent while only modestly reducing profits.
The protected area has seen 185 fire alerts since May 29, 2015, some of which are likely associated with land clearing for agriculture.