Brazil, the world’s seventh-biggest greenhouse gas emitter, has the relevant tools and policies it needs to become a leader in the fight to deal with climate change. This opportunity comes at a pivotal time for Brazil: its national climate plan—its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC)—should be submitted within days as part of global climate negotiations, while a national economic crisis, drought and energy uncertainty inform Brazil’s decisions at home.
international climate policy
Policy Options to Reduce Energy-Related GHG Emissions
This report reviews a range of modelling scenarios for future GHG emissions, identifies opportunities and recommends lines of action to harmonize energy policy objectives with climate goals that meet the needs for a limited global carbon budget.
The proposal calls for an unconditional 29 percent emissions reduction by 2030; 41 percent if Indonesia receives international assistance and cooperation.
Colombia’s new climate plan adopts a national, economy-wide emissions reduction target for the first time, aiming to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 20 percent below projected business-as-usual emissions by 2030.
Both the aviation and maritime sectors have a significant role to play in reducing their emissions to help the world stay on a 2 degree C trajectory – with major economic wins ahead if they do.
The finance stream of the UN climate negotiations in Bonn, Germany, last week showed a clearer narrative emerge about the key elements that should be included in the outcomes of the December climate summit in Paris.
Energy use in China's buildings is projected to rise by 40 percent between 2009 and 2030. Reducing this sector's footprint is critical for achieving the country's target of peaking its emissions by 2030.
We’re now entering the final, significant stages of negotiations leading up to the major climate summit in Paris in December known as COP21, where countries will reach a new international climate agreement. There are now two week-long negotiating sessions remaining before Paris; the first takes place next week in Bonn, Germany. What issues will negotiators face and what needs to happen at the Bonn meeting?
So far, 56 countries (including 28 member states of the European Union) have submitted their intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Reflecting the nationally determined nature of these climate contributions, they vary significantly in form, scope and coverage. Yet a key question for all of them is: Have they provided information about whether they are fair and ambitious?