While dealing with sooty clouds from massive forest fires in recent weeks, Indonesia submitted its post-2020 climate action plan, committing to an unconditional target of a 29 percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, compared to a business-as-usual scenario.
Indonesia’s national commitment is encouraging and demonstrates the country’s seriousness to address this complex global challenge. The government has taken positive steps in the process of developing the INDC, but can be further improved with more details to ensure the plan’s effectiveness.
The land and forest fires burning across Indonesia spiked to historic highs this month, with officials across the country pledging to investigate the perpetrators. A new campaign from Tomnod and WRI’s Global Forest Watch platform allows people everywhere to aid in the investigation.
The proposal calls for an unconditional 29 percent emissions reduction by 2030; 41 percent if Indonesia receives international assistance and cooperation.
In 2009, Indonesia made a bold move by voluntarily pledging to achieve a 26 percent reduction in emissions against the business-as-usual scenario in 2020, or 41 percent with international support. Being a developing country with so much promise for economic growth and development, the international community applauded Indonesia for this daring target, which became a game-changer in the stagnant climate negotiations at the time. The National Action Plan on Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emission (RAN-GRK) was soon issued to guide its implementation.
Fire alerts in Indonesia have spiked dramatically in recent days, surging even higher than the crisis-level outbreaks of June 2013, March 2014 and November 2014. Satellite data from Global Forest Watch reveals where they're burning.
Vice President of Communications Lawrence MacDonald explores Indonesia's sustainability challenges, and how WRI Indonesia can play a role in overcoming them.
Thirty percent of Indonesia’s territories have been handed over to private companies as concessions, with many of them overlapping with indigenous lands. Here are three ways Indonesia can strengthen land rights for local communities while also benefiting government, businesses and the environment.
In Kalimantan, Indonesia’s largest palm oil-producing region, it’s possible to fully protect the most valuable forests and reduce emissions by 35 percent while only modestly reducing profits.
The protected area has seen 185 fire alerts since May 29, 2015, some of which are likely associated with land clearing for agriculture.