The proposal calls for an unconditional 29 percent emissions reduction by 2030; 41 percent if Indonesia receives international assistance and cooperation.
In 2009, Indonesia made a bold move by voluntarily pledging to achieve a 26 percent reduction in emissions against the business-as-usual scenario in 2020, or 41 percent with international support. Being a developing country with so much promise for economic growth and development, the international community applauded Indonesia for this daring target, which became a game-changer in the stagnant climate negotiations at the time. The National Action Plan on Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emission (RAN-GRK) was soon issued to guide its implementation.
Fire alerts in Indonesia have spiked dramatically in recent days, surging even higher than the crisis-level outbreaks of June 2013, March 2014 and November 2014. Satellite data from Global Forest Watch reveals where they're burning.
Vice President of Communications Lawrence MacDonald explores Indonesia's sustainability challenges, and how WRI Indonesia can play a role in overcoming them.
Thirty percent of Indonesia’s territories have been handed over to private companies as concessions, with many of them overlapping with indigenous lands. Here are three ways Indonesia can strengthen land rights for local communities while also benefiting government, businesses and the environment.
In Kalimantan, Indonesia’s largest palm oil-producing region, it’s possible to fully protect the most valuable forests and reduce emissions by 35 percent while only modestly reducing profits.
The protected area has seen 185 fire alerts since May 29, 2015, some of which are likely associated with land clearing for agriculture.
Half of the fire alerts in Indonesia's Riau Province are occurring in protected areas like the Tesso Nilo National Park. Plus, 38 percent of the alerts are on peatlands, some of the country's most carbon-rich ecosystems.
Indonesia will continue to ban new licenses to clear key forest areas. The policy brings benefits for the country's forests, climate and the economy.
Deforestation and land use change drive about 80 percent of Indonesia's greenhouse gas emissions. Strengthening the country's soon-to-expire forest moratorium can help whittle them down.