The Green Climate Fund (GCF), expected to become the main vehicle for securing and distributing finance, moved one step closer to disbursing funds this week. Its resources will support a range of activities that reduce emissions or foster resilience—such as installing renewable energy, helping farmers grow drought-resistant crops and reducing deforestation.
Green Climate Fund
If you had an initial $10 billion in capital to fight climate change and boost resilience, how would you decide how to spend it? This is one of the key questions facing the Green Climate Fund Board at its ninth meeting in Songdo, South Korea this week.
Today, President Obama released his 2016 Budget Request outlining the administration’s spending plans for the coming fiscal year. The request includes $500 million in funding for the Green Climate Fund, and $230 million for the Climate Investment Funds. The budget allocation to the Green Climate Fund is part of the $3 billion pledge the U.S. made in November 2014, while $230 million requested for the Climate Investment Funds would complete a commitment made under the Bush Administration in 2008.
Today, at the international climate conference in Lima, Peru (COP20), the government of Belgium pledged to contribute more than 50 million Euros (around $62 million US) to the Green Climate Fund, edging the fund past its $10 billion goal for 2014. This is an important marker in making the Green Climate Fund operational.
Following is a statement by Athena Ballesteros, Finance Director, World Resources Institute:
Launched in 2014, the Green Climate Fund offers an ambitious platform for contributions and investments in climate mitigation and adaptation in the developing world. WRI worked with the GCF secretariat and Board and a large number of partners and stakeholders to help shape the Fund's structure.
Providing finance to support developing countries’ efforts to respond to a changing climate is a key challenge of the 21st century. To meet this challenge, it is essential to find new ways to raise funds and invest in projects that curb emissions and build resilience to the climate impacts that are already unavoidable.
WRI’s finance team has provided technical and analytical work to the GCF from inception in 2011 through launch in 2014. Unlike previous major multilateral climate funds, the Green Climate Fund has a broad base of contributors among both developed and developing countries. Its 24 Board members are balanced between developed and developing countries, and its administration is lean.
The Fund is designed to work through partners, such as national development banks and the World Bank. Private sector involvement is also central to the Fund, which has the flexibility to use innovative financial instruments to encourage private companies to help tackle climate change, thereby stretching GCF resources.
The WRI team has sought to support the GCF management and Board to help ensure that ambition and rigor were built in to GCF design, so the Fund can deliver value for money to mitigate and adapt to climate change.
As pledges of support flow in, the Fund’s investment framework lets it set priorities about how money can be invested for maximum impact. The Fund’s structure enables it to extend its reach through a wide array of partners, balanced between national and international institutions, while ensuring that all partners meet high fiduciary, environmental and social standards.
WASHINGTON— On November 20, 2014, countries held a pledging conference of the Green Climate Fund in Berlin – where countries announced their financial commitments to the Fund. These funds will be used to support vulnerable countries to respond to the mounting risks of climate change, and to reduce emissions that cause climate change.
Recently the world took two giant steps toward reaching a global agreement to fight climate change in 2015: a landmark U.S.-China accord and a $4.5 billion pledge to the Green Climate Fund by the United States and Japan.
But there are some conditions attached.
WASHINGTON (November 14, 2014) — President Obama announced that the United States will contribute $3 billion to the Green Climate Fund during the G20 Summit held in Australia this weekend.
Yesterday WRI's climate finance experts Alex Doukas and Athena Ballesteros blogged about how a U.S. pledge to the Green Climate Fund would build climate action momentum.
Why is the recent U.S. pledge to the Green Climate Fund important for a 2015 climate agreement?
Call it bad timing: Brazil’s greenhouse gas emissions intensity is rising while that of most of the G20 countries decreases, just as more infrastructure investment will be needed to support expected economic growth and social inclusion. Representatives of commercial banks in Brazil, the Brazilian Development Bank (BNDES), the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), Brazil’s Ministry of Finance and others joined WRI experts to explore how they can collectively help the country make the transition to a low-carbon economy.