Citigroup's new five-year sustainability strategy could help shift global capital towards low-carbon development.
The International Development Finance Club (IDFC)—a group of international, national, and regional development banks based in the developed and the developing world—released its annual report on green investment (i.e. mitigation, adaptation and ‘other’ environmental finance which includes environmental protection and remediation related projects)—as the world’s climate negotiators were meeting in Lima, and its numbers are significant.
A recent UN report highlights the need to examine the role of development finance institutions in sustainable development, but it leaves open the question of whether member states should call for a review process.
Here’s a perspective on some of the outstanding negotiation challenges.
Adaptation finance accountability is key to addressing obligations of national governments and international organizations to provide support, but actual funding decisions are often made without involving the populations hit first and worst by climate change, or without understanding how communities are vulnerable.
So who is accountable for making good use of adaptation funds, and who should hold whom accountable?
Making the transition to a low-carbon, climate-resilient economy is going to take a lot of investment, and the limited budgets of the public sector can’t tackle it alone.
But by targeting their support, governments can create incentives for significant private investment into climate activities; in other words, they can “mobilize” private investment.
Why is the recent U.S. pledge to the Green Climate Fund important for a 2015 climate agreement?
The Green Climate Fund (GCF) has a big role to play. It’s expected to become the world’s main mechanism for securing and distributing finance to help developing nations tackle climate change.
The multi-billion dollar question is: Can it live up to this expectation?
International Experience and Lessons in Risk Management for Overseas Investments
This working paper consists of six case studies, includes an array of sectors, and draws experiences and lessons from these case studies. It provides take-aways for Chinese companies investing overseas and suggestions for Chinese government organizations, financial institutions, NGOs and media...
A new report from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Getting Energy Prices Right: From Principle to Practice, argues that the costs of coal, natural gas, gasoline, and diesel fail to account for these fuels’ environmental and social impacts—such as greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution, and traffic deaths.
Setting prices that reflect these side effects—through taxes, licensing, or cap-and-trade systems—could reduce deaths from fossil fuel-related air pollution by 63 percent, decrease global carbon dioxide emissions by 23 percent, and generate revenues totaling about 2.6 percent of global GDP.
There’s a growing gap between current investment in low-carbon energy and what’s needed to meet world demand while avoiding the worst impacts of climate change. The good news is there’s sufficient capital and investor interest to close much of this gap.
However, policies that encourage market certainty and level the playing field between different energy sources are needed to attract the volume of investment required, according to a special International Energy Agency (IEA) report, the World Energy Investment Outlook, released this month.