The BOP market in Eastern Europe is $458 billion and includes 254 million people in 28 surveyed countries, 64 percent of the region's population with 36 percent of the region’s aggregate income.
The BOP market in Asia (including the Middle East) is by far the largest: 2.86 billion people in 19 surveyed countries, with an aggregate income of $3.47 trillion.
The African BOP includes 486 million people in 22 surveyed counties---95 percent of the population in those countries.
Four billion people form the base of the economic pyramid (BOP)---those with annual incomes below $3,000 (in local purchasing power).
This analysis highlights differences between traditional development approach---focused on the very poor, less than $1/day---and market-based approach focused on the entire BOP.
"Low income" is not "no income".
The food crises of the present will seem as nothing to those of the future unless the world brings some urgency and intelligence to managing the planet’s nature-based assets.
With world heads of state gathered in New York to discuss the status of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), climate change and ecosystem destruction brings added pressure to the fight to end extreme poverty.
Ecosystems provide a wealth of services to human populations, among them, disease regulation. But narrowly-focused development projects can threaten these ecosystems and put entire populations at risk.
Man-made flood-control systems—such as levees, upstream dams, and canals—continue to be responsible for widespread damage to the New Orleans and Louisiana landscapes.