As momentum builds towards the climate negotiations in Paris, national governments are being asked to consider how their countries will contribute to a low-carbon, climate resilient future. With support from international efforts like the Bonn Challenge and the New York Declaration on Forests, many countries are committing to restore degraded land and forests to offset emissions as they improve household income and food security. But while these international frameworks and national commitments are important, it is often the states, provinces and districts that must go beyond commitment to take action.
El apetito mundial por el chocolate está a un punto máximo sin precedentes, y los productores buscan nuevos lugares para cultivar cacao, la materia prima del chocolate y del cacao en polvo. Algunos productores han recurrido a Sudamérica, donde las imágenes satelitales resaltan a una plantación de cacao que está invadiendo la selva tropical amazónica.
This technical note looks at the carbon emissions resulting from deforestation for a specific cacao plantation in Peru and the potential carbon footprint of chocolate sourced from that area.
In Kalimantan, Indonesia’s largest palm oil-producing region, it’s possible to fully protect the most valuable forests and reduce emissions by 35 percent while only modestly reducing profits.
The protected area has seen 185 fire alerts since May 29, 2015, some of which are likely associated with land clearing for agriculture.
Half of the fire alerts in Indonesia's Riau Province are occurring in protected areas like the Tesso Nilo National Park. Plus, 38 percent of the alerts are on peatlands, some of the country's most carbon-rich ecosystems.
United Cacao cleared more than 2,000 hectares (5,000 acres) of trees in previously undisturbed forests to make way for its plantation.
Indonesia will continue to ban new licenses to clear key forest areas. The policy brings benefits for the country's forests, climate and the economy.
Deforestation and land use change drive about 80 percent of Indonesia's greenhouse gas emissions. Strengthening the country's soon-to-expire forest moratorium can help whittle them down.