This policy brief, authored by The Brookings Institution and World Resources Institute, examines fiscal intruments that both raise revenue and help improve environmental quality.
In this issue brief, WRI and Duke Energy explain how instituting a carbon tax would simultaneously support federal tax reform initiatives, reduce carbon dioxide emissions, and promote sound energy policies.
The Environmental and Social Challenges
This policy brief examines the limitations of MDB measures to assess and monitor the environmental and social impacts of subproject investments resulting from their lending through Financial Intermediary institutions.
Leadership or stalemate?
Explores U.S. position on developing countries in climate protection efforts. Concludes that climate protection requires the initial leadership of a few countries that bear historical responsibility for the problem and have considerable capability to act.
An assessment of the potential interaction between the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and the framework of international investment law.
Operational and institutional issues
Prepared for the OECD Climate Forum, this paper addresses the two key institutional dimensions of the CDM: Design of the regulatory framework and design of the implementation models.
Reveals that export credit and investment insurance agencies (ECAs) as a group are promoting exports and investments to developing countries that will contribute to long-term increases in greenhouse gas emissions.
How the community of non-governmental organizations that until recently focused on multilateral development bank reform is responding to the rise of private investment flows to developing and transition economies.
A Guide to the Private Financial Services Industry
Profiles eight segments of the private financial services industry, and identifies a list of potential leverage points for influencing various actors to integrate environmental considerations into decision making.
This background paper addresses the question, "How has financial globalization directly and indirectly changed the context for influencing the environmental character of Mexico's development?"