New research explores a vicious cycle: as greenhouse gas emissions warm the planet, soils heat up and the micro-organisms that live in them start to expel heat-trapping carbon dioxide, reinforcing the problem of climate change. Landscape restoration is one way to respond.
WRI worked with partners to establish AFR100, an African-led initiative that helps advance the African Union goal of restoring 100 million hectares of degraded land. To date, AFR100 partner countries have committed to bring 63.3 million hectares of land into restoration by 2030 and nearly $1.5 billion has been earmarked to support the 100 million hectare target.
Nearly two-thirds of Africa’s land is degraded, which hinders sustainable economic development and resilience to climate change. As a result, Africa has the largest restoration opportunity of any continent: more than 700 million hectares (1.7 billion acres) of degraded forest landscapes that can be restored. The potential benefits include improved food and water security, biodiversity protection, climate change resilience, and economic growth. Recognizing this opportunity, the African Union set an ambitious target to restore 100 million hectares of degraded land by 2030.
Partners including The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), the German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), the German Corporation for International Cooperation (GIZ), the World Bank, and WRI supported the establishment of AFR100 and attracted additional financial and technical partners. The partnership includes investors, in-country partners like the Green Belt Movement and Kijani (Forests for Change) in Kenya, and longstanding global partners such as the Global Environment Facility, IUCN, FAO, and the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF). This extensive partner network reinforces critical links between AFR100 and the Bonn Challenge, the African Resilient Landscapes Initiative, and other restoration initiatives.
To secure political commitments to AFR100, partners worked with national stakeholders to underscore the close alignment between restoration and numerous sustainable development goals. Partners also provided analyses to decision-makers showing where restoration is already happening, the size and location of restoration opportunities, and pathways for scaling up restoration. AFR100 was influenced by Initiative 20x20, an effort to restore 20 million hectares (nearly 50 million acres) in Latin America and the Caribbean by 2020, for which WRI is the secretariat.
AFR100 connects political partners – participating African nations – with technical and financial support to assess restoration opportunities, develop strategies, and implement restoration on the ground at scale. To date, 21 AFR100 partner countries have committed to bring 63.3 million hectares (156 million acres) – an area nearly the size of France – into the process of restoration by 2030. Financial partners have earmarked $481 million in private finance and $1 billion in development finance to support the 100 million hectare target. Many AFR100 partner countries are beginning to scale up proven restoration approaches and monitor their progress.
To date, 21 African nations have signed onto the African Forest Landscape Restoration Initiative (AFR100) and committed to restore 63.3 million hectares (156 million acres) of degraded land.
Africa can brace for climate change and leapfrog its sustainable development with these macroeconomic transformations to agriculture, urbanization and energy.
Once every 20 years, the world's urban leaders gather to determine the best course of action for the world's cities. This year, at Habitat III, the 21st century challenges for cities are clear. WRI's World Resources Report examines whether providing equitable access to services can make cities more economically productive and environmentally sustainable.
The country’s commitment to restore 5.1 million hectares of degraded forests and drylands into productivity adds to a growing, global movement.
NAIROBI (September 2, 2016)— On September 8, the Kenya Ministry of Environment, Natural Resources and Regional Development Authorities, and the Kenya Forest Service (KFS) will host an official event and press briefing to announce Kenya’s national restoration commitment, as well as launch new restoration opportunity maps, a technical report and website.
With three months to go until the next international climate negotiations, many developing countries are working hard to live up to the promises made in the Paris Agreement. But many institutions in developing countries face challenges in accessing and effectively deploying international climate finance. Representatives of two groups from Africa -- the Senegal-based Centre de Suivi Ecologique and Kenya's National Environmental Management Authority -- got together in July to help each other tackle some of these challenges.
Giving farmers legal rights to land and natural resources has helped improve degraded landscapes in Ethiopia, Niger and Tanzania. In turn, it's also helped boost food security, alleviate poverty and curb climate change.
China's overseas investment grew from $1 billion in 2004 to more than $30 billion in 2014. In many cases, it's come at a cost to Africa's forests and the people who rely on them.