Approximately 370 observations of coral bleaching were reported globally between 1980 and 1997, while more than 3,700 were reported between 1998 and 2010.
The world’s coral reefs cover an area of approximately 250,000 sq km, with the highest concentrations in Southeast Asia and the Pacific.
One-eighth of the world’s population—roughly 850 million people—live within 100 km of a coral reef and are likely to derive some benefits from the ecosystem services that coral reefs provide.
The assessment of the adaptive capacity of countries and territories to reef loss is based on economic resources, education, health, governance, access to markets, and agricultural resources.
Performance standards could cover up to 54 percent of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions. The pie chart above depicts all U.S. greenhouse gas emissions in 2008.
If passed, the American Power Act (APA) would require companies to hold permits to emit GHGs for all emissions from facilities emitting more than 25,000 tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) or equivalent gre
If passed, the American Power Act (APA) would require companies to hold permits to emit GHGs for all emissions from facilities emitting more than 25,000 tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) or equivalent greenhouse gas. Most large U.S. chemical facilities would meet this threshold.
WRI and Standard & Poor’s were unable to conduct a full assessment of credit quality per subsector under EPA regulation because of limited information on the EPA’s anticipated regulatory approach
The criteria for determining free allowances may change in future climate policy proposals, including the possibility of not distributing any free allowances to industry.
GHG emissions compliance costs should be minimal for 10 of the 13 subsectors eligible for free emissions allowances in 2016, in WRI’s view.