This issue brief identifies the major types of uncertainties in water quality trading markets and summarizes the various mechanisms that could be used to address them.
Lessons from Developed Country Land Use Change and Forestry Greenhouse Gas Accounting & Reportingby , and -
This working paper analyzes developed country experience to date in relation to implementation of the LULUCF (land use, land use change and forestry) provisions of the Kyoto Protocol.
Clean Technology Research, Development and Innovation in Chinaby and -
This working paper examines efforts made by China---the world’s largest gross emitter of greenhouse gases---to create an enabling environment for R&D and innovation in the field of clean technology.
Harnessing the Potential of Open Trade and Investment Flows in the Wind Energy Industryby , and -
This working paper maps out the structure and value chains of the wind power industry, analyzes its increasing globalization via cross-border trade and investment flows, and formulates recommendations for policymakers for the design of investment and trade policies to help realize wind energy...
Searching for Common Ground on an Uneven Playing Fieldby , and -
This paper analyzes relevant measures in emerging U.S. domestic climate policies, describes the objectives of these measures, assesses how they might be imposed, and discusses their implications for both a future climate agreement and the international trading system.
Distributional Mechanisms and Emerging Links with Poverty Alleviation and Equityby , and -
This working paper documents a study of the Cameroonian forest taxation system, examining the distribution practices of the government.
Forest Revenue-Sharing in Cameroonby , , and -
This Forest Note summarizes findings from case studies of
three rural councils in Cameroon regarding implementation of the government's annual forestry fee revenue-sharing system from 2000-2002....
Incorporating the Perspectives of Local Stakeholders for Improved REDD Designby , , , and -
This working paper summarizes the feedback and conclusions from a series of workshops for local and indigenous communities in Cameroon and the DRC held in 2008 and 2009, discussing REDD design and implementation.
by , and -
This matrix helps policymakers compare the National Climate Change plans of five developing countries: India, Brazil, China, Mexico and South Africa.
Laying a Foundation for Projects, Policies, and Capacities that Countries Needby -
As UNFCCC negotiators work to develop
shared expectations around adaptation
planning, it is critical that they
provide a high degree of flexibility to
countries, so that planning processes
can be domestically “owned” and plans
effectively implemented. The...
How Multilateral Development Banks Can Strengthen Development by Using Ecosystem Servicesby , and -
This report identifies entry points for mainstreaming ecosystem services in Multilateral Development Banks' (MDBs’) core operations and describes a portfolio of tools to help. It also presents a range of policy options that MDBs can help country partners implement to sustain critical...
Options and Implicationsby and -
A Copenhagen agreement on climate change will likely take a legally binding form, but one that provides for a range of commitments by countries. This Working Paper clarifies a complex set of issues around the legal character of commitments and weighs the potential risks and benefits to...
Identifying Convergence in Country Submissionsby , , and -
This paper identifies the key elements needed to
ensure enhanced action on technology transfer and
development and then evaluates the approaches
taken in major country positions.
Combating Illegal Logging in Indonesiaby and -
This Forest Note puts forward a systematic approach to analyzing the Indonesian forestry sector in order to identify which forest laws and regulations are being disobeyed and where.
Getting to Yes on Climate Changeby -
Cap-and-trade programs are designed to increase the economic efficiency of emissions reductions and lower costs beyond command-and-control approaches alone. Cap-and-trade programs often incorporate features that add flexibility and/or increase price certainty to help address cost
by and -
This issue brief evaluates five approaches to account for state-achieved reductions
and address the state-to-state “leakage” problem under
a federal cap-and-trade program.
by , , and -
This report discusses the successes and challenges to effective regulation in China. It also addresses U.S. competitiveness concerns in relation to the introduction of U.S. cap-and-trade policies, and specific opportunities for enhanced climate change cooperation between the two countries.
How Spatial Analysis Can Guide Pro-Poor Water and Sanitation Planning in Ugandaby , , , , and -
This report presents maps and analyses designed to inform the policies surrounding poverty reduction efforts in Uganda and to help reach the 2015 national targets on safe drinking water and improved sanitation.
by and -
In December 2009, diplomats from around the world will convene in Copenhagen, Denmark to decide on a new international agreement on climate change. The following questions and answers address the agreements and structures that form the basis of the Copenhagen climate change negotiations.